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6 census takers killed in the headwaters of the Mamberamo. [sek]

1980 February 06

New border administration pact and border technical co-operation pact allowing for border development came into force; signed by Foreign Affairs Minister, Mr. Tony Ila and Indonesian Ambassador, Busiri Suryowinoto. [bab]

1980 February 19

Papua New Guinea Foreign Affairs Minister, Ila, requests that propaganda from Irianese rebels regarding Indonesian authorities' actions against Irianese be checked for accuracy before publication; this followed a visit to Jayapura by two Vanimo officials who had been asked to take action against those responsible for inaccurate reporting. [bab]

1980 March 11

Vote of no-confidence in Somare's Government brings Julius Chan to power. [bab]

1980 March 23

Indonesia declares 200 mile exclusive economic zone around its coasts. [bab]

1980 April 19

Marthin Tabu arrested at ABRI post, Waris. [bab]

1980 June

Papua New Guinea granted special observer status to ASEAN. [bab]

1980 June 05

Indonesia and Papua New Guinea reach a tentative agreement on territorial marine boundaries. [bab]

1980 June 24

Levi stated in parliament that although border development in health, education and quarantine measures was a priority, it had not yet been implemented due to shortage of staff. [bab]

1980 July

Shooting in Abepura (B&L 1988: 80) [sek]

1980 July 05

5 Indonesian police questioned after entering Papua New Guinea illegally at Weam, looking for an Irianese man who had escaped from prison; returned July 7. [bab]

1980 July

Six women raise the morning star flag at the Governor's office in Jayapura (Osborne 1985: 84) [sek]

1980 August 04

Six West Papuan women attempted to raise a West Papuan flag outside the office of the Governor of Irian Jaya; were arrested and sentenced to four years' imprisonment 3 West Papuans who had crossed the border into West Sepik after being chased by Indonesian police, and who had spent a week in quarantine at Yako, were to be handed over to Papua New Guinea police. [bab]

1980 October

Clement Poye, Papua New Guinea Minister for Media, accepts an invitation to make an official visit to Indonesia to discuss newspaper, television and other media matters. [bab]

1980 November

Civil aviation dispute between Indonesian and Papua New Guinea airlines; Air Nuigini closed Jakarta office, and Garuda sought permission to stop at Port Moresby and to increase its services to the Pacific. Indonesia wanted no change to Air Niugini's existing flights to Indonesia; Following talks, a statement was issued by Indonesia claiming that agreement had been reached, and that no changes would be made to Air Nuigini's service; Transport Minister Okuk disagreed that the talks had resulted in such an agreement, and reacted by cancelling plans for Papua New Guinea pilots to train in Indonesia. [bab]

1980 November 04

Antara reported that West Papuan rebel leader Paulus Kuntly Pesakor, his wife and 7 aides, had surrendered to Indonesian authorities. [bab]

1980 December

Chan was alleged to have told Franzalbert Joku, a Times reporter that he would not hesitate to send troops to assist Indonesia fight against OPM rebels; Chan denied the statement. [bab]

1980 December 08

Major-General Busiri Suryowinoto elected Governor of Irian Jaya by the Irian Jaya Provincial Parliament; Deputy Governor was Isaak Hindom who had taken up office on November 22 1980. [bab]

1980 December 09

Six West Papuan men had illegally crossed into Western Province; 3 at Suki, and others at Kiunga, Ningerum and Morehead. [bab]

1980 December 10

A former West Papuan granted Papua New Guinea citizenship was charged with possessing prohibited literature, relating to OPM and bomb making. [bab]

1980 December 11

Anton Parao, of Melanesian Alliance, a Government partner, announced Melanesian Alliance's disagreement with Chan over the possibility of using force on the border against West Papuans. [bab]

1980 December 11-14

Chan visits Indonesia; Suharto assured Chan that Indonesia did not wish to interfere in its neighbour's affairs; Sir Julius ratified the 1979 Border Agreement; Okuk meanwhile indicated his support for OPM. [bab]

1980 December 13

In Jakarta, Levi and Mochtar Kusumatmaadja sign a treaty determining sea boundaries. [bab]

1980 December 17

120 West Papuans crossed into Western Frovice at Morehead; altogether there were 200 in the Morehead holding camp. [bab]

1980 December 21

Foreign Affairs Secretary, Paulias Matane, announced that 103 Irianese border crossers in Western province would return to Indonesia, and that their entry had not been politically motivated, as they had sought food and medical attention. [bab]


Operasi Galang under General Santoso (Osborne 1985: 145). [sek]


Papenal's deputy commander in Paniai destroys ABRI helicopter and captures 2 intel agents (Osborne 1985: 85). [sek]

1981 January

Indonesian Ambassador to Papua New Guinea, Busiri Suryowinoto, became Governor-elect of Irian Jaya. [bab]

1981 January 21

Matane announces that all future border crossers would be repatriated. [bab]

1981 January 27-29

Preliminary talks held in Jakarta on the subject of an extradition treaty between Papua New Guinea and Indonesia. Papua New Guinea delegation led by Mr. Wilson Ephraim, First Secretary of Papua New Guinea Embassy in Jakarta. Meeting agreed that further talks would be held. [bab]

1981 January 30

Announcement that Yako and Wabo camps were to be closed; Wabo held 137 and Yako held 41 refugees UNHCR representative, Tom Unwin, said that none of the refugees from Yako and Wabo should be repatriated. [bab]

1981 February 10-12

Joint Border Committee meeting Madang; confirmed the establishment of the Joint Border Committee Meetings in Agreement. [bab]

1981 February 17

19 West Papuan men were to be sent back from Morehead, but j escaped; 16 of them were repatriated, and 3 were charged with illegal entry. [bab]

1981 March (early)

Papua New Guinea Foreign Minister Noel Levi sent a protest note to Vanuatu regarding the Vanuatu Party's support of Rex Rumakiek's office in Port Vila which co-ordinates the West Papuan independence movement. [bab]

1981 March (mid)

A letter seeking USSR arms for Irian Jayan rebels was intercepted in Papua New Guinea; houses searched in Port Moresby. [bab]

1981 May

Border Liaison Meeting held in Port Moresby; Indonesians' advise Papua New Guinea for the first time that the Trans-Irian highway is to be built. [bab]

1981 May 27-29

South Pacific Human Rights Tribunal set up in Port Moresby to publicise the repression of West Papuan by Indonesia; 11 West Papuan permissive residents gave evidence; Indonesian Embassy refused to attend. [bab]

1981 June 01

Wabo and Yako camps closed from 1 June 1981; then refugees went to Port Moresby and elsewhere. [bab]

1981 June 27

Elizier Bonay and Dean Kafiar were deported; John Hamadi. was also meant to have been deported by the Papua New Guinea government; University of Papua New Guinea SRC leader, Ramoi said that this was because of their part in the Human Rights Tribunal. [bab]

1981 June 29

100 students demonstated against deportation; students hid Hamadi. [bab]

1981 July

Elky Bemey (leader of Pemka) attacked Viktoria supporters near Wutung (Osborne 1985: 84). [sek]

1981 July 09

OPM members under Elkey Berney kidnapped 11 people of an opposing OPM faction. [bab]

1981 July 15

Fight at Old Nemo between Elkey Berney's faction and Seth Rumkorem's forces; killed 8 in attack and took 12 prisoners. [bab]

1981 July 27

Three Irianese, Kubia, Pieger and Jebleb who had lived in Papua New Guinea for over 10 years were arrested in West Sepik and deported because they had taken part in armed OPM faction fights. [bab]

1981 July 29

Chan announced that no more refugees would be returned to Indonesia against their will. [bab]

1981 October

58 hostages taken in Genyem by Alex B. Derey (Bemey's second in command (B&L 1988: 71; Osborne 89-92) [sek]

1981 October

Peristiwa Madi. 2,500-13,000 villagers killed with napalm, chemical weapons, and bombs. 3 Bronco planes used (B&L 1988: 81; Osborne 1985: 87-8, 105). [sek]

1981 October (?)

1981 Bemey is killed by his own men over a woman and Alex Derey becomes Papenal commander in chief (Osborne 1985: 90) [sek]

1981 October (?)

Bemey's father tortured by ABRI (Osborne 1985: 89) [sek]

1981 October 05

OPM from Alex (Donald) Derey and Mecky Ovide's group raided a sawmill in Dosay forest. Two employees taken hostage (Osborne 1985). [sek]

1981 October 09

OPM attacks jail in Abepura (B&L 1988: 71; Osborne 1985: 88) [sek]

1981 October 09

OPM leader Elky Berney raided a logging camp about 10-12 km inland from Holtenkamp sawmill 37 km east of Jayapura taking 58 hostages (half of the hostages were later freed). [bab]

1981 October 16

Okuk stated that Papua New Guinea should recognise OPM and that the National Party will do so. [bab]

1981 October 28

7 ABRI troops killed in Wamena (Osborne 1985: 84-5). [sek]

1981 November 09

Foreign Minister Noel Levi presented a white paper on Papua New Guinea's foreign policy to the Papua New Guinea parliament, abandoning universalism and adopting a policy of 'active and selective engagement'. [bab]

1981 November 21‑23

Indonesian airforce planes alleged to have taken part in bombing raids on three valleys in the Wissel Lake region. [bab]

1981 November 23

A new police patrol post was established at Kiunga, near Ok Tedi. [bab]

1981 November 26

Post-Courier reports that in Sinar Harapan Mochtar had warned Papua New Guinea not to take advantage of the economic imbalance between it and Indonesia. Mochtar said this in response to Okuk's claim that 99% of Papua New Guinea supported OPM and charge that Indonesia was neglecting Irian Jaya. [bab]

1981 December 11

Indonesia warns that it will not tolerate Papua New Guinea support for OPM following Okuk's reiteration of National Party support for OPM. [bab]


Bombing in Enarotali (B&L 1988: 71) [sek]


Operasi Sapu Bersih under General Santoso (B&L 1988: 80; Osborne 1985: 87, 146) [sek]


The bodies of Willem Joku, who was implicated in the 9 October attack on the Abepura jail, and Jonas Tu were found decomposing inside of sacks on the beach (Osborne 1985: 144). [sek]

1982 (mid)

James Nyaro takes over leadership of Pemka. [sek]

1982 January 06

Papua New Guinea refuses to renew the visas of two non-diplomatic members of the Indonesian Embassy because of reported spying activities, officially because Papua New Guinea's protocol department could not deal with the 36-member mission. The Indonesian embassy retaliated by not issuing visas to any Papua New Guineans to visit Indonesia. [bab]

1982 April

Four of Rumkorem's men captured. (Osborne 1985: 84 [sek]

1982 April

Okuk criticised transmigrasi in a lecture at the University of Papua New Guinea; Indonesian Embassy issues a newsletter indirectly attacking Okuk; Embassy accused of interfering with Papua New Guinea's internal politics OPM reported Marthin Tabu's execution by Indonesian soldiers who held him captive. [bab]

1982 April 29

Indonesia and Papua New Guinea officials met in Jayapura to discuss delineation of the border. First Congress of National Unity in West Irian held at Oegstgeest Netherlands. Drew together external groups representing OPM, and suspended the Provisional Revolutionary Government and the De Facto Government indefinitely; saw OPM as requiring a people's resistance movement, and not a government in exile. [bab]

1982 May

Rumkorem seeks political asylum, is later granted in Greece. Uri Yoweni becomes Viktoria's Defence Minister, Philemon Yarisetouw becomes TPN commander (Osborne 1985: 93-4). [sek]

1982 May 01

Papua New Guinea recalls its envoy to Jakarta, Benson Gegeyo... [bab]

1982 May 14, 15, 21

Indonesian troops reported to have crossed the border; Indonesia recalls its ambassador to Papua New Guinea. [bab]

1982 May 14-15

In two separate raids, small armed Indonesian parties freed some hostages taken by Berney in the October 1981 raid at Holtenkamp. [bab]

1982 May 26

Foreign Secretary Matane sends protest note to acting Indonesian ambassador Asirbin. [bab]

1982 May 27

A fourth recent Indonesian incursion reported, to Pendessi village, Papua New Guinea, to demand information about OPM rebels. [bab]

1982 June

Bombing in Manokwari reported by the Nuigini News (Obsourne 1985: 146). [sek]

1982 June

Indonesia denies that Indonesian troops had crossed the border in May; stated the belief that some villagers from Irian Jaya had crossed to free hostages kidnapped by OPM. [bab]

1982 June

Major-General Meliala Sembiring appointed commander of WP. He adopts the "smiling" policy (B&L 1988: 70). [sek]

1982 June 01

Chan still awaiting reply to protest note. [bab]

1982 June 06

Brig.-Gen. Santosa flew by helicopter to a Papua New Guinea mission, at Wasengla, near Imonda, claiming to have lost his bearings or to have been forced down by bad weather. Papua New Guinea general election. [bab]

1982 June 14

Eighteen hostages from the October 1981 sawmill raid released. [bab]

1982 June 25

Six armed Indonesians crossed into West Sepik near Imonda to take back 19 Indonesian citizens who were thought to be OPM supporters. [bab]

1982 June 26

Papua New Guinea's Foreign Minister Noel Levi sent a diplomatic protest note to Indonesia over the incursion. [bab]

1982 June 28

Indonesian incursion by 3 soldiers and a policeman near Weam, Western Province; the 3 soldiers were jailed and attacked by OPM fellow prisoners; the leader was sent to Moresby and then to Jayapura. [One soldier was Javanese, the others were Melanesians]. [bab]

1982 July

Transfer of power from provincial to national. control: Acting on Cabinet decision of 1979, Vanimo-Wutung Road declared national. [bab]

1982 July 01

Levi lodged a diplomatic protest note with the Indonesian Government against the incursion of June 26. [bab]

1982 July 03

An Indonesian helicopter buzzed Wasengla mission 10 West Papuans given deportation orders, Vanimo. [bab]

1982 July 03

Three UNCEN students make a declaration of independence (B&L 1988: 90) [sek]

1982 July 03-04

Second OPM Congress of National Unity held at Haamsteede, Netherlands. [bab]

1982 July 12

Chan criticised Indonesia for suggesting in Suara Karya that Somare would be the next Papua New Guinea leader and would improve Papua New i Guinea-Indonesian relations. [bab]

1982 July 16

A Catholic cleric, Br. Jerome Dunn, alleged to have helped 10 West Papuans avoid deportation from Vanimo. [bab]

1982 July 22

David Balagaise, Irianese illegal immigrant, was to be deported after threatening officers in the Foreign Affairs and Trade Department in Port Moresby. [bab]

1982 August

Rumkorem wins court victory in PNG.       He becomes a media darling (Osborne 1985: 174). [sek]

1982 August 02

Somare returned to government. [bab]

1982 August 04

Treaties relating to the 1979 border agreement with Indonesia signed; involving a radio link with Irian Jaya, traditional border crossing, mapping and marking of the border and formalising joint border committee. [bab]

1982 August 17

Memorandum of Understanding on border survey security signed between Papua New Guinea and Indonesia whereby Papua New Guinea and Indonesia survey teams and military are allowed 20 km into each other's territory. [bab]

1982 August 24-27

First Joint Border Committee meeting held in Bali led by Soedarmono and Matane; discussed traditional border crossing; and need for balanced economic and social development on border. [bab]

1982 September (mid)

Foreign Minister Namaliu visits East Timor and Irian Jaya during his visit to Indonesia Rumkorem and nine followers charged with illegal entry; dismissed by the court; freed after 10 days in custody; allowed to remain in Rabaul to await UN arrangement for a third country to accept Rumkorem as a refugee. [bab]

1982 November 13

Papua New Guinea Defence Forces raided a suspected OPM camp in the Bewani area, destroying houses and gardens, but camp dwellers had fled. [bab]

1982 December

A West Papuan murders the Indonesian driver of an Embassy official in Port Moresby (Osborne 1985: 175). [sek]

1982 December 14

Simon Alom, originally from Irian Jaya, stabbed and killed Meinhard Poluan, an Indonesian Embassy official working as Col. Ismail's driver. Poluan was alleged by Port Moresby authorities to have been in charge of Indonesian intelligence in Port Moresby; Alom charged with the stabbing. [bab]


A team of four geologists attacked by the OPM. Their Indonesian security guard is killed but the geologists are released the same day (Osborne 1985: 97). [sek]

1983 (late)-1984 (early)

Operasi Tumpas launched by Kopassus (B&L 1988: 86) [sek]

1983 January / February

1000 West Papuans reported to have crossed to Papua New Guinea; Irian Jaya's Governor, Izaac Hindom called on Irianese to join with Indonesian armed forces to stamp out OPM; stressed that Irian Jaya was an integral part of Indonesia and was therefore open to transmigration. [bab]

1983 March

Two migrant workers from Sulawesi and four Mee villagers killed in a Papenal attack (Osborne 1985: 97). [sek]

1983 March 31 - April 04

An aerial survey conducted by Papua New Guinea's National Mapping Bureau discovered that the Indonesian Trans-Irian Highway had crossed into Papua New Guinea territory. [bab]

1983 April

A report from Donald Derey of a West Papuan rebel group, was sent to Radio Australia in Port Moresby, alleging that 5 Dutch missionaries had been deported by Indonesian authorities who desired West Papuans to become Muslims; he also accused Indonesian officials of obstructing food supplies to Irianese drought victims. [bab]

1983 April 12

Papua New Guinea government requested an explanation and a joint survey of border road. [bab]

1983 April 13

Papua New Guinea Defence Force troops sent to border. [bab]

1983 April 15

Indonesian government agreed to a meeting of the joint border technical sub-committee in Merauke to discuss road. [bab]

1983 April 18

Papua New Guinea requested that the Merauke meeting be raised to Department head level. [bab]

1983 April 19‑21

Merauke sub-committee recommended that: 1. location of road be determined by May 11 satellite scan; 2. Indonesians state that border breaches have occurred; 3. no further work be done on road; 4. road be closed and incursions confirmed; and 5. additional border markers be placed on road and that police provide security for survey teams. [bab]

1983 April 23

Meeting in Port Moresby between West Melanesian Socialist Party members and De facto government members and Grass Root members; the Grass Root members support the Provisional Government, but De facto government supporters were in the majority, and a Revolutionary council was set up. [bab]

1983 May (early)

32 West Papuans including 2 OPM leaders, Maks Jim Tago and Lawrence Charles Mider, were jailed in Vanimo for illegal entry. [bab]

1983 May 05

Nuigini Nuis reported that a National Intelligence Organisation officer had been sent to Jayapura to accompany 4 Papua New Guinea provincial premiers on an inspection tour of Indonesian border projects, without informing the premiers; premiers furious with what they regarded as spying. [bab]

1983 July 07

Papua New Guinea Cabinet directs Papua New Guinea Defence Force to supply a sufficient number of troops to protect forthcoming joint border survey. [bab]

1983 July 25-27

Second Joint Border Committee meeting in Port Moresby, held early because of the discovery of the Trans-Irian Highway incursion; Indonesian delegation led by Sec-Gen Sudharmono; Papua New Guinea delegation led by Matane; decision made to monitor all border crossers by setting up checkpoints; traditional crossers allowed free movement, aviation arrangement to allow emergency border flights. [bab]

1983 August

Indonesian Foreign Minister Mochtar visits Papua New Guinea. [bab]

1983 September

Indonesian employee of Continental Oil is killed at Inanwatan in the Bird's Head region by four people who protected their sago stands with bows and arrows (Osborne 1985: 97). [sek]

1983 September

Papua New Guinea's defence minister Epel Tito while in Canberra admits that Papua New Guinea may well be invaded by Indonesia in the next ten to twenty years; Tito removed to another position; Mochtar responded by stating that Indonesia had no such plans; Papua New Guinea approved plans for Papua New Guinea Defence Force border patrols to be increased. [bab]

1983 September 12-14

Joint border liaison meeting held in Sorong to discuss joint survey. [bab]

1983 September 22

Tribal leader Derek Mebri killed by Kopassandha [ed: kopassus? this in not mentioned in Osborne 1985:97] commandos. The report to the provincial army chief in Jayapura says that the killing was an accident. Derek Mebri was the father of Alex Mebri a member of Mambesak (B&L 1988: 86; Osborne 1985: 97). [sek]

1983 October 19

Joint border survey team begins survey of border. [bab]

1983 November 24

Seth Rumkorem, Fred Athaboe and Louis Nussy fly to Greece. [bab]

1983 November 30

Arnold Ap arrested, as well as other prominent West Papuans. [bab]

1983 December 03-10

Somare and Siaguru (as Minister assisting the Prime Minister) visit Indonesia; Siaguru held talks with Mochtar, and decided on establishing hotlines between the offices of the President and the Prime Minister, the Foreign Affairs Ministers, and heads of the Foreign Affairs departments. [bab]

1983 December 20

Joint border survey ends, due to heavy rain and withdrawal of Indonesian group due to financial problems. [bab]

1984 February (early)

Some West Papuans in the Indonesian paratroopers unit Brimod defected to the OPM.

1984 February (late)

Joel Awom, the second in command of BRIMOB for West Papua, defects with 100 soldiers. They break into the arms depot of Battalion 751 seizing automatic rifles, machine guns, and ammunition (Osborne 1985: 99). [sek]

1984 February (late)

Operasi Satay launched to attempt to retrieve the stolen guns in the border regions (Osborne 1985: 100). [sek]

1984 February 05

OPM flag raised at Provincial Assembly building; at least one OPM member shot and some solders deserted. [bab]

1984 February 10

At least 95 West Papuans fled to Wutung, Papua New Guinea, following fighting with Indonesian forces. [bab]

1984 February 11

Planned Jayapura raid by OPM; organised partly by Rumkorem and partly by West Melanesian Socialist Party and Defacto government. [bab]

1984 February 13

OPM planned to make a large scale attack called "Operation Freedom" on this date, but the coordinated operation failed. Elias Warsey, a Papuan corporal in ABRI is shot for raising a morning star flag in front of the DPRD. A Papuan janitor near the scene is also shot dead (B&L 1988: 71; Osborne 1985: 86, 99). [sek]

1984 Feb.13-May 1984

8,000 Papuan refugees flee across the border into PNG (Osborne 1985: 100-2). [sek]

1984 February 16

Papua New Guinea embassy in Jakarta asked Indonesia for information to explain refugee crossings. [bab]

1984 February 20

Namaliu sent a telex to Mochtar seeking information. [bab]

1984 February 23

In a second telex to Mochtar, PM Somare and Namaliu set a 48 hour deadline for an explanation of the crossings from Indonesia. [bab]

1984 February 24

Somare states that all border crossers will be tried for illegal entry. [bab]

1984 February 25

Somare receives an explanation from Indonesia. [bab]

1984 February 27

80 West Papuans charged with illegal entry; all plead guilty; hearing adjourned until March 21 UNHCR provides K2500 for tents and food; promise a further K5000. [bab]

1984 February 28

Mochtar wrote to Namaliu confirming that Irianese had crossed border because of clashes between troops and rebels in Jayapura. Namaliu presents statement to Parliament on border crossers; debate ensues; Gabriel Ramoi (Aitape-Lumi) stated that Papua New Guinea had a better claim to Irian Jaya than Indonesia; Mark Ipuia (Lagaip-Porgera) said Papua New Guinea showed it was scared of Indonesia. [bab]

1984 February 29

Four West Papuans seek asylum in Netherlands Embassy, Jakarta, after seeking information relating to Arnold Ap's detention. [bab]

1984 March (late)

The 'Strategic Basis' document on Australia's defence policies leaked to the National Times; document identifies Indonesia as Australia's greatest threat, and stresses the need for Papua New Guinea to suppress antiIndonesian rebel activity in its territory. [bab]

1984 March (late) or April (early)

Indonesian paratroops dropped into Irian Jaya border areas; fighting between Yuruf and Amgotoro. [bab]

1984 March (mid)

Mochtar announced that shooting had occurred in Jayapura and that about 27 Melanesian soldiers had deserted in February. [bab]

1984 March 01

Somare offers Papua New Guinea to act as 'honest broker' between OPM and Indonesian government. [bab]

1984 March 02

Noel Levi (New Ireland) said Papua New Guinea should not join ASEAN until the Irian Jaya issue had been resolved. [bab]

1984 March 05

Total number of refugees in Vanimo is 283; all adult males were charged with illegal entry on reaching Vanimo. [bab]

1984 March 11

Mochtar allowed the 4 West Papuans in the Dutch Embassy to leave for the Netherlands, saying they were not political refugees, but wanted a 'free ticket'. [bab]

1984 March 12

Micah Wes (Vanimo‑Green River) said that Indonesian soldiers had destroyed food gardens near Wutung recently, and called for compensation. [bab]

1984 March 13

Gai Duwabane (Daulo), former Defence Minister, claimed that Indonesia had plans to invade Papua New Guinea. [bab]

1984 March 14

Ronald ToVue, East New Britain Premier, criticised Namaliu for adopting an 'evasive and fearful' approach towards Indonesia, and for denying all eyewitness accounts from the border. [bab]

1984 March 15

Thomas Negints (Tambul-Nebilyer) Chairman of the Citizenship Advisory Committee, halted applications from Irian Jayans for Papua New Guinea citizenship and called for stricter criteria for assessing applications. Pius Sangumai (Kandrian-Gloucester) called for compulsory adult military training in order to defend Papua New Guinea from Indonesian attack. [bab]

1984 March 15-17

Special border liaison meeting held in Jayapura to discuss events of February; Matane attends but is met by Indonesians of much lower official standing; Papua New Guinea had requested the meeting be held at Joint Border Committee level, and received agreement from Indonesia on March 8; Papua New Guinea government sources reported that the Indonesian officials would not discuss the circumstances leading to the border crossings; Indonesian officials required the names of all border crossers before any decisions about the border crossers' future were made; the number of soldiers who had defected and the names of those who had left was requested by Papua New Guinea; Papua New Guinea supplied the number of those who had crossed; Indonesia admitted that there had been an incident but gave no details, said that police had been used to disperse a crowd; Papua New Guinea delegates said that border residents had requested compensation payments; the issue was referred to the Joint Border Committee of July; the Indonesian delegation did not agree to the level of meeting asked for by Papua New Guinea; no Jakarta officials present, so Indonesian delegates could not discuss policy; according to one source, the Indonesian delegation refused to believe that so many refugees had crossed, saying that only two had crossed, both known criminals. [bab]

1984 March 17

Antara reported that the 300 Irianese who had crossed to Papua New Guinea would soon be repatriated, as a result of the discussions at the Special Border Liaison Meeting. [bab]

1984 March 19

Namaliu, commenting on the Antara report, stated that an agreement was yet to be reached between Papua New Guinea and Indonesia over repatriation and that the Indonesian delegation had insisted that a list of names be provided by Papua New Guinea. [bab]

1984 March 20

Matane stated that the Papua New Guinea government might repatriate some refugees if their safety was guaranteed by Indonesia. [bab]

1984 March 21

Indonesian youths protest at Dutch assistance to the Irianese youths flown to the Netherlands Seventy‑three border crossers convicted of illegal entry into Papua New Guinea and sentenced to imprisonment for six weeks; a further 38 were found guilty with no convictions recorded Namaliu announced that OPM rebels and army defectors would be sent to a third country. [bab]

1984 March 23

100 West Papuans villagers from Woro and Kwana cross to Vanimo. Matane tells Soepomo that Papua New Guinea was very concerned about the crossings. Altogether 420 had crossed the border since February. [bab]

1984 March 24

Namaliu announced that none of the 100 recent crossers would be i charged with illegal entry. [bab]

1984 March 26

James Nyaro of Pemka kills Indonesian airplane passengers in Yuruf and takes Swiss pilot hostage. The Papuan Independent Organization (PIO) demands K1.5 Million in ransom (Osborne 1985: xiiv, 103; B&L 1988: 72-3). [sek]

1984 March 26

Kidnapping of Swiss pilot Werner Wyder and three others; two Indonesians of the party were killed and Wyder and a West Papuan teacher held. [bab]

1984 March 27

Alleged border incursion by Indonesian jets over Papua New Guinea's Green River government station while performing military exercises. [bab]

1984 March 27‑28

Another 270 West Papuans flee fighting by crossing to Papua New Guinea. [bab]

1984 March 28

The 73 jailed West Papuans are released. [bab]

1984 March 29

Papua New Guinea formally protests to Indonesia regarding border incursion of Indonesian jets, calling for a meeting; threatens to expel defence attache at the Indonesian embassy in Port Moresby for not informing the Papua New Guinea government of the defence exercises being held in the border area; Mochtar replied by delaying the meeting for two weeks until after his visit to USSR; Namaliu expressed his dissatisfaction with the Indonesian response; Ambassador Soepomo stated the planes were not from Indonesia. [bab]

1984 April

Arnold Ap murdered (Osborne 1985: 148-54) (B&L 1988: 125-136) [sek]

1984 April

More border crossers arrive in Papua New Guinea, bringing total to about 3000. [bab]

1984 April 03

ABRI denies the allegation that there was any jet incursion into Papua New Guinea. Papua New Guinea government protested to Australia over the leaking of defence documents (Strategic Basis) to the National Times, which said that Papua New Guinea should suppress OPM rebels and that Australia would come to Papua New Guinea's defence if attacked by Indonesia; Namaliu sent a second protest note to Indonesia, complaining that reply to first note was inadequate, again threatening to expel defence attache. [bab]

1984 April 05

Papua New Guinea Ambassador Amini received a note denying jet incursion; Indonesia recalled Ismail. [bab]

1984 April 07

250 more West Papuans arrive at Kamberatoro. [bab]

1984 April 08

Pilot Werner Wyder released. Up to 1000 West Papuans now arrived in Papua New Guinea since February. [bab]

1984 April 09

Brig-Gen. R.K. Sembiring Meliala accused Papua New Guinea of harbouring rebels; denied jet incursion. [bab]

1984 April 11

Colonel Ismail left Papua New Guinea, having been advised by Papua New Guinea authorities that he would be expelled if he did not leave voluntarily. [bab]

1984 April 13-17

Namaliu arrived in Jakarta, for talks, offered to help Indonesia "understand the culture and values of its Melanesian people"; Namaliu asked to meet Murdani, and met Mochtar, Defence and Security Minister Poniman and Minister for Interior Supardjo Rustam; discuss airspace violations, Namaliu demanded notification of future exercises and cessation of border operations; noting cultural problems between Indonesians and Irianese; talks deadlock; Indonesia agrees to pay K23,000 to help support border crossers; resolve that repatriation would be arranged without UNHCR although Papua New Guinea wanted involvement, because Indonesia said this would complicate the process of repatriation; agree to a schedule to review the border agreement expiring in 1984; Mochtar demanded an explanation for Ismail's expulsion. [bab]

1984 April 16

Namaliu announces that Indonesia has guaranteed safety of returnees; Gen. Benny Murdani again denied that Green River jets were Indonesian. [bab]

1984 April 17

Joint Communique between Papua New Guinea and Indonesian Foreign Ministers. [bab]

1984 April 25

Refugee Co-ordinating Committee set up, comprised of officials and Bishop Etheridge. [bab]

1984 April 26

Total of about 1800 West Papuans crossed to West Sepik since February. [bab]

1984 April 29

Mochtar claims that 1140 Irianese will be repatriated early May. [bab]

1984 April 30 ‑ May 2

Seminar on Development in Irian Jaya held in Jakarta between mid-April and May 1 1984 Approximately 2,500 West Papuans arrive in the Western Province, north of Kiunga Total number of West Papuans crossers in the border area estimated to be 4500. [bab]

1984 April 30

Four Irianese officials had crossed into Western province allegedly in search of border crossers, and were subsequently charged with illegal entry. [bab]

1984 May (late) - June 7

Talks held in Kieta to discuss review of border agreement and to discuss repatriation; Matane attended. [bab]

1984 May 07

Arnold Ap's murder and the murders of Eddy Mofu, Nani Rumainum and one other reported [bab]

1984 May 15

News of ABC Nyaro interview became public 55 OPM members reportedly surrendered 130 km southwest of Jayapura, according to Jakarta's army information office. [bab]

1984 May 15-18

Indonesian and Papua New Guinea mapping teams meet in Port Moresby to discuss the joint border survey. [bab]

1984 May 17

Regular Papua New Guinea Defence Force border patrols established. [bab]

1984 May 18-19

ABRI exercises held near Jayapura. [bab]

1984 May 21

Namaliu informs Parliament that he was not informed of the ABRI exercises in advance; Statement titled 'Recent Developments on the Common Border and in Relations with Indonesia'. [bab]

1984 May 24

Diro pressures Papua New Guinea government not to appease Indonesia; Okuk, Levi and Dutton call for leniency with regard to border crossers, and to allow them to remain in Papua New Guinea. [bab]

1984 May 25

Talks due to be held regarding repatriation in Vanimo; Matane present but Izaac Hindom did not attend; repatriation plan cancelled indefinitely ABC chairman Ken Myer was overruled by the ABC board when he said that Nyaro interview should not be shown; Myer was criticised for not upholding the independence of the ABC; Namaliu threatens to deport ABC journalist Sean Dorney because previously Papua New Guinea had been assured‑that the interview would not be televised. [bab]

1984 May 27

Antara reported that Indonesia and Papua New Guinea had agreed that repatriation of 521 refugees would begin in the 'near future'; the repatriation would be preceded by a 'public relations programme' to inform refugees through Hindom and Matane. [bab]

1984 May 28

A further 600 West Papuans enter Papua New Guinea near Wasengla mission, bringing the estimated total to around 7400. Namaliu announces ban on ABC journalists. [bab]

1984 May 30

Indonesia's Minister of Justice and Acting Foreign Minister, Mr. Ali Said, praised Papua New Guinea's stand on banning ABC journalists, saying it showed Papua New Guinea's independence; Indonesian Tempo journalist, Susanto Pudjomartono held for questioning in Papua New Guinea. [bab]

1984 June

Henk Joku allegedly had secret talks with Gary Scott, who was in August accused of seeking to supply weapons to the OPM, while Joku was in Australia for a World Council of Indigenous Peoples Conference; Joku also makes public appeals for arms. [bab]

1984 June 05

Namaliu defended the Papua New Guinea government's position over repatriation, saying that to interview 8,000 refugees is a mammoth task, in response to reports from Indonesia criticising Papua New Guinea's slowness. [bab]

1984 June 06

Marpaung conceded that some border crossers might not wish to return to Irian Jaya and said that they would not be forced to return. [bab]

1984 June 10

Somare said in Sydney that if the ABC apologised for filming the Nyaro interview the ABC could stay in Port Moresby. Mochtar, in his first public comments on the killing of Arnold Ap, denied that Ap had been murdered for political reasons and suggests he had been killed while escaping from custody. [bab]

1984 June 10-11

9 OPM members arrested by Papua New Guinea police. [bab]

1984 June 11

Mochtar said Indonesia required the names of about 60 dissidents before any repatriation could begin, and that not all 8,000 names would be required, the 60 included army deserters and OPM sympathisers, held at Vanimo; Mochtar said no one should be forced to repatriate. [bab]

1984 June 20

Antara reported that Irian Jaya's deputy governor, Sugiyono, had said.that hundreds of Irianese had already voluntarily repatriate. [bab]

1984 June 21

Reported Indonesian crossing of border and raid on a West Sepik village Suwampa, by 53 Indonesian soldiers. [bab]

1984 June 24

Australian Opposition MP, Hodgman, tours border camps, and claims that none want to return to Irian Jaya, and that Australia should press for UNHCR involvement. [bab]

1984 June 25

OPM member Mathew Mayer who had been a permissive resident in Papua~New Guinea arrived in Australia; applied for refugee status in Australia in early July. [bab]

1984 June 26

Australian Immigration Minister Mr West said he and Foreign Minister Hayden had been concerned at reports that Hank Joku had requested Aborigines to supply arms to OPM forces, and that Joku had been questioned and had denied the allegation. About 9000 West Papuans believed to have crossed into Papua New Guinea since February. [bab]

1984 June 28

Papua New Guinea handed Ambassador Soepomo a diplomatic note protesting at Indonesian troop incursion of 1984 June 21; demanded compensation; Indonesian ambassador Soepomo warned by Papua New Guinea government that the issue would be raised at international and regional meetings if the note did not receive a satisfactory reply. Schoolteacher from Amanab district taken hostage by OPM ‑ released unharmed on July 31, after threats from Papua New Guinea government. [bab]

1984 June 29

Mochtar implied that an anti‑Indonesian vote over East Timor in the ALP conference would lead to a major break between Indonesia and Australia. [bab]

1984 June 30

Mochtar Kusumaatmadja and Murdani blame rebels for border strife, saying that the Indonesians who had crossed into Papua New Guinea destroying the gardens at Suwampa were OPM members trying to make Indonesia appear in a bad light. [bab]

1984 July 05

Home Affairs Minister Soepardjo Rustam denied allegations by LBH of human rights violations in Irian Jaya. [bab]

1984 July 06

Indonesia formally denied border incursion; implication that damage was done by OPM members. Papua New Guinea decides to strengthen its border security forces. [bab]

1984 July 10

Papua New Guinea sends troops to border to hunt for OPM forces. Dysentry and malaria spread through Black Water camp. [bab]

1984 July 11

Namaliu went to seventeenth ASEAN ministerial meeting, Jakarta and raised the subject of border violations with General Benny Viurdani. [bab]

1984 July 12

Murdani assured Namaliu that all military exercises undertaken by Indonesia in the border area would be announced to Papua New Guinea in advance. Australia's ALP passed a resolution that the party recognise that the border crossings issue could be resolved only by Papua New Guinea and Indonesia. [bab]

1984 July 18

Sub-committee of JBC meeting held in Jakarta; Papua New Guinea delegation led by Mataio Rabura; to discuss repatriation and border development. [bab]

1984 July 20

OPM leader, Lawrence Myder was arrested in West Sepik, with two assistants. [bab]

1984 July 21

First Papua New Guinea-Indonesia dialogue held at University of Papua New Guinea. Representatives from both countries attend. [bab]

1984 July 23-27

Joint border committee meeting in Surabaya; draft i repatriation agreement worked out; amendments to border agreement drafted; Indonesia sent 28 delegates, Papua New Guinea 18 led by Matane. [bab]

1984 July 24

Radio Australia's John Lombard said that Indonesian military had claimed RAAF had carried out spying missions over East Timor. [bab]

1984 July 31

Paulias Matane announced that the Papua New Guinea Defence Force would escort 9,000 border crossers back to Indonesia in the coming weeks, without UNHCR involvement. Those active in the OPM movement could r choose either permissive residency or resettlement in a third country. [bab]

1984 August

An Australian ex-army officer, Gary Scott, assisted OPM members with planning guerrilla actions and with recruiting mercenaries. A team representing church groups and including Mark Raper, S.J., interviewed border crossers and found that "many, if not all" of those interviewed had a genuine fear of persecution if repatriated. Gen. Murdani stated that 2000 Irianese border crossers had repatriated. A statement prepared by Seth Rumkorem was read to the UN Working Group on Indigenous Populations by OPM representative, Adolf Tompoh. [bab]

1984 August (end of month)

Mochtar Kusumaatmadja stated that Indonesia had already given assurances of the safety of refugees many times. [bab]

1984 August 01

Mathew Mayer was refused refugee status by Australia's Determination of Refugee Status committee, but was being considered for residency on humanitarian grounds; later, it was decided that he should return to Papua New Guinea before 31 1984 August . Indonesia provided written assurance of the safety of returnees. [bab]

1984 August 02

Namaliu said UNHCR would be asked to assist in finding third countries for those found to be 'genuine' refugees. [bab]

1984 August 03

Pastor Roy Woods of the Evangelical Mission of Rumginae near Ningerum discovers people dying of starvation in border camps. Papua New Guinea Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade official reported that Indonesian officials were to visit refugees in camps to reassure them of their safety after returning to Indonesia. [bab]

1984 August 08

About 100 Papua New Guinea university students marched to the Indonesian embassy demanding UNHCR involvement in any repatriation operations; Somare squashed Lini's attempt to raise the issue at the Commonwealth Heads of Government regional meeting in Port Moresby. [bab]

1984 August 10

Soepardjo Roestam, Indonesian Home Affairs Minister, requested list of names of hard-core OPM in Papua New Guinea; UNHCR representative, Michael Schergold, allowed to visit border crossers in Sandaun at Kamberatoro and Green River'. [bab]

1984 August 12

Warren Dutton, North Fly opposition member, charges the government with 'criminal neglect' over deaths of 51 refugees at Komopkin. [bab]

1984 August 13

Government admits responsibility for deaths of 51 at Komopkin. [bab]

1984 August 14

Namaliu said that the deaths would delay repatriation. [bab]

1984 August 15

Papua New Guinea government denied it had tried to starve refugees back to Irian Jaya. [bab]

1984 August 20

Gabriel Ramoi, Pangu backbencher, alleges the Papua New Guinea government deliberately starved refugees to force them to return home to Irian Jaya. Papua New Guinea government sources said that 93 Irianese border crossers had died since April; and stated that OPM was the main cause of the crossings. [bab]

1984 August 21-22

Special border liaison meeting held at Port Moresby; prepared 'Framework of Principles for the Return of People who cross the Common Border Country...'; signed by Namaliu, j given to Indonesia for revisions; Namaliu wanted Indonesia to ' formally guarantee promise of safety of returnees. [bab]

1984 August 28

Joint survey and mapping team to close infringing Indonesian road and set up additional border markers between the Bensbach and Fly rivers. [bab]

1984 August 31

Indonesia approved a repatriation agreement with Papua New Guinea to begin procedure on 17 September Peter Hastings banned indefinitely from visiting Indonesia because of his ' writings about Ap's death (some months later again permitted to enter I Indonesia). [bab]

1984 September 03

Beginning of ICJ visit to Papua New Guinea. [bab]

1984 September 05

Namaliu stated the need for adequate guarantees for Irianese refugees' safety prior to repatriation [bab]

1984 September 06

Australia sought a guarantee from Papua New Guinea that Mathew Mayer would not be handed over to Indonesian authorities if deported to Papua New Guinea; Papua New Guinea later revoked Mayer's permissive residency. [bab]

1984 September 10

Namaliu stated that repatriation would not be able to take place as planned, on 17 September, UNHCR provided a donation to refugees amounting to $804,950. [bab]

1984 September 13

Renagi Lohia, ambassador to UN, questioned the use of raising the border issue at the UN. Namaliu urges Australia to accept refugees for settlement if border crossers are determined to be refugees, despite negative responses by Australia to date. About 500 more refugees arrived at Kugol west of Tabubil, in the past few days. [bab]

1984 September 18

The National Executive Council approved K1 million for minor village level border projects for border development. Dutton announced that Awin people of Kiunga were willing to accommodate crossers in the Kiunga area, and to work land for them. [bab]

1984 September 24

Mochtar said that Indonesia objected to having to assure safety of its own citizens, and considered that further talks would be necessary to reach agreement, predicting repatriation would not commence before late October. Foreign Affairs official Laurence Sapien charged with assaulting two West Papuan women at Vanimo camp on 7 July. [bab]

1984 September 25

Mochtar Kusumaatmadja seeks some amendments to the agreement so that ABRI is not included as separate from the Indonesian government. [bab]

1984 October

Indonesian and Papua New Guinea army and police personnel conducted a joint border survey patrol in the southern section of the border. [bab]

1984 October

OPM troops kill 25 ABRI troops at a base near the mouth of the Tami River (Osborne 1985: 189). [sek]

1984 October (?)

DPR member Isaac Saujay from Irian Jaya said Papua New Guinea had made the attack on Indonesia in the UN because of pressure from domestic opposition groups opposed to Somare's foreign policies. He said that the Papua New Guinea opposition groups saw transmigration as Javanisation, and that they feared Indonesian expansionism. [bab]

1984 October (mid)

The Federal Court of Australia ruled on Mathew Mayer's case and Justice Davies directed that the Immigration Minister provide the reasons for refusing Mayer's application. [bab]

1984 October 01

Namaliu addressed the UN regarding Papua New Guinea's grievances against Indonesia, claiming only once out of several occasions did Indonesia publicly apologise for a border incursion. [bab]

1984 October 04

The Indonesian Ambassador to UN, Ali Alatas, said Indonesia was painfully surprised by Namaliu's address; said Indonesia had shown great restraint. [bab]

1984 October 05

Kusumaatmadja claims Papua New Guinean interference in Indonesia's internal affairs; claims Indonesia is 'too patient' with Papua New Guinea. Namaliu claims that Papua New Guinea has a right to ask questions, and had not interfered with Indonesia's internal affairs. [bab] Father Momis, opposition leader, met James Nyaro at Kamberatoro Catholic mission, discussing OPM operations and Papua New Guinea policies and future of government. [bab]

1984 October 15

Siaguru, Acting Foreign Minister, said that Papua New Guinea had received guarantees from Indonesia that refugees would be safe, and that repatriation would begin. A verification exercise would be held later in October. [bab]

1984 October 30

New border agreement signed by Namaliu and Kusumaatmadja in Port Moresby; Vlochtar invites Papua New Guinea to set up consulate at Jayapura; a joint verification tour of border camps in Papua New Guinea to be conducted with Papua New Guinea and Indonesian delegates. [bab]

1984 November

ABRI patrol enters PNG looking for OPM members responsible for the October killings (Osborne 1985: 189). [sek]

1984 November 03

Indonesian delegation to Black Water camp attacked by refugees; 9 men later charged with assault Indonesian protest to Papua New Guinea Government that officials had not been offered sufficient protection. [bab]

1984 November 06

The 9 men charged for the attack on the Indonesian delegation appeared in Vanimo court; case delayed successively until January 18. [bab]

1984 November 07

Demonstration outside Papua New Guinea embassy in Jakarta. [bab]

1984 November 08

Papua New Guinea's National Security Council met after reports of fighting near Wutung in Papua New Guinea between OPM and Indonesian troops; Papua New Guinea troops sent to the border. [bab]

1984 November 09

Papua New Guinea apologised to Indonesia for incident at Black Water, claims those responsible would be brought to justice Indonesian forces reported to be pursuing OPM fighters in Papua New Guinea. [bab]

1984 November 10

Somare orders troops to border, Mochtar interpreted Somare's action as tightening security against OPM; Papua New Guinea did not protest against the border violation reported the previous day. [bab]

1984 November 18

Indonesia postponed repatriation until Papua New Guinea government could provide security for verification team. [bab]

1984 November 21

Namaliu had cautiously noted that repatriation would begin and continue slowly. [bab]

1984 November 27

Approximately 650 more refugees crossed into Sandaun. Raymond Hall, UNHCR special envoy, visited Sandaun camps early December 1984 8 OPM followers of Seth Rumkorem arrived in Vanimo and were charged with illegal entry; appeared in Vanimo court on December 18. [bab]

1984 December

Eight OPM members captured in PNG, repatriated and then executed (B&L 1988: 101) [sek]

1984 December 12

UNHCR offered K435,000 for next three months' support of border crossers. Namaliu in Indonesia for formal ratification of the new border agreement; agreement calls for establishment of working group of specialists to discuss border security; notification on frontier military operations; compensation payments in case of damage caused by incursions; Indonesia agreed to UNHCR monitoring of repatriation. [bab]

1984 December 20

The 8 OPM members who arrived in Papua New Guinea in early December were deported after being in Papua New Guinea for two weeks; it was later reported that they had died a month after being repatriated due to being injected by an unknown chemical (Niugini Nius. Feb. 15, 1985) They had crossed many, times earlier and had deportation orders signed against them; Papua New Guinea's NIO believed that they were spying on OPM, and sought to deport any spies. [bab]

1984 December 21

Namaliu replaced as Foreign Affairs and Trade Minister by John Giheno. [bab]

1984 December 22

99 or 102 refugees repatriated from the Black Water camp; no UNHCR involvement nor Papua New Guinea monitoring of the process. [bab]

1984 December 27

Giheno claims the repatriation had been voluntary. [bab]

1985 January 04

Dr Mochtar said 2000 of 11000 border crossers in Papua New Guinea had now returned to Indonesian territory voluntarily. Alan Smith, expatriate extension studies lecturer at the University of Papua New Guinea, interviewed Geradus Thomy in border area, Western Province. [bab]

1985 January 18-21

Hearing at Vanimo of the 9 who had been charged with attacking the Indonesian delegation; 3 were put on 12 months' probation, the rest acquitted. [bab]

1985 February 05

Somare said Australian Foreign Affairs Minister Hayden was free to visit border camps although two weeks before Foreign Affairs Minister John Giheno had said it was unlikely that Hayden could go there. [bab]

1985 February 17

Hayden was denied permission to visit Papua New Guinea border camps. [bab]

1985 March 13

Boyamo Sali quit as Papua New Guinea Defence Minister. [bab]

1985 March 23

Several outspoken Irianese refugees and their families were moved from Black Water to Telefomin. [bab]

1985 April

Geradus Thomy, OPM leader, wrote to Fly premier, Semai Aitowai, threatening to use violence if Papua New Guinea forced refugees to repatriate; Aitowai offered to resettle 7,000 refugees in Fly province. [bab]

1985 April (late)

About 30 OPM soldiers captured 2 helicopters on operations for Shell Oil and kidnapped 3 crewmembers (2 Dutch and an Indonesian), who were soon after freed on payment of a ransom equivalent to $A11,180. [bab]

1985 April 08

OPM hold a Papua New Guinea helicopter and crew who mistakenly landed in their secret camp. [bab]

1985 April 13‑23

Refugee Council of Australia interviewed 'dozens of people at Kamberatoro' and found that none wanted to be repatriated. [bab]

1985 April 18

Acting Foreign Affairs Minister, Tony Bais, said that the Niugini Nlus report of a revised repatriation agreement postponing repatriation of crossers for 12 months was false. [bab]

1985 April 21

Utula Samaria, Premier of Morobe, and Alexis Sarei, premier of North Solomons, offered to settle refugee families temporarily. [bab]

1985 April 30

Papua New Guinea's National Security Council ordered the removal of an OPM camp in West Sepik. [bab]

1985 May

Narakobi begins a court action regarding refugees' rights within Papua New Guinea; 5 refugees from Black Water (including Mrs. Ap) came to Port Moresby to act as key witnesses; case deferred until August. [bab]

1985 May

Two-hundred houses near Enarotali were burned down [sek]

1985 May (early)

Border Liaison Meeting held in Port Moresby. Indonesian delegation led by Bas Jouwe, Bupati of Jayapura. Both parties agreed not to involve UNHCR in repatriations. [bab]

1985 May (mid)

Papua New ‑Guinea Foreign Affairs Minister Giheno announced that Papua New Guinea Ambassador Amini and Indonesian Armed Forces Commander Murdani met for talks on developments in Irian Jaya and reports of last JBC meeting. [bab]

1985 May 08-10

200 Papua New Guinea soldiers and a police squad force the West Sepik OPM camp to move; operations authorised by National Security Council; two OPM soldiers, Max Rumbiak and Ringo Hamong, were discovered hiding in a cave and were arrested; ten others were also found. [bab]

1985 May 13

Between 36 and 50 border crossers return to Irian Java, accompanied by 10 Papua New Guinea officials; UNHCR not allowed to monitor repatriation beyond the departure from Vanimo Papua New Guinea team spoke to two groups who had voluntarily repatriated in December 1984 at Arso and Tanahmerah; visited transmigration sites and resettlement areas in Irian Jaya. [bab]

1985 May 16

Mecky Salosa, alleged to be responsible for Wyder's kidnapping, and for the kidnapping of a Papua New Guinea teacher, captured at Kamberatoro. [bab]

1985 May 18

Drs. F.X. Suryanto Sriwardoyo denied that any of the 99 repatriated on 22 December 1984 were killed or arrested, calling Niugini Nius report'slander'. [bab]

1985 May 24

Mochtar reported to have said that the OPM 'might try to stir rebellion in Papua New Guinea to establish an independent Papuan state'. [bab]

1985 May 27

Twenty border crossers from Merauke charged with illegal entry. [bab]

1985 May 30

The UN proposed sending a mission to both sides of Irian Jaya‑Papua New Guinea border to draw up long term development plans to ease tensions, under the auspices of the UN Development Program. [bab]

1985 June (late)

Another 2,000 refugees reported to have entered Papua New Guinea. [bab]

1985 June 01-02

Inter-Non-Governmental Conference on Inter-Governmental Group on Indonesia (IGGI) Matters (INGI) took place in Amsterdam. [bab]

1985 June 10

Sixty-six people voluntarily repatriated at night under supervision of Papua New Guinea security personnel and UNHCR representative, from Vanimo. [bab]

1985 June 11

Indonesia announces that it will set up colour televisions in eleven eastern districts in Irian Jaya. [bab]

1985 June 18(?)

Two-day border liaison meeting held in Jakarta to discuss tightened border security. [bab]

1985 June 22(?)

Four West Papuans captured during May Papua New Guinea Defence Force border operations in West Sepik province were deported to Jayapura from Wewak (may have occurred July 12). [bab]

1985 June 27

Five Irianese from Merauke arrive in Australia by canoe from Papua New Guinea at Thursday Island. [bab]

1985 June / July

517 Papuans were killed in Kamopa (B&L 1988: 81) [sek]

1985 July 08

Ambassador Marpaung stated that the five Irianese refugees on Thursday Island would not be harmed if they returned to Indonesia. Alan Smith left Papua New Guinea after his visa was not renewed as a result of his interview with OPM leader Gen. Geradus Thorny in January. [bab]

1985 July 10

Somare says border crossers will not be resettled in Papua New Guinea. [bab]

1985 July 11

Accord signed between Rumkorem and Prai healing their previous rift (B&L 1988: 64). [sek]

1985 July 11

Exiled OPM leaders Seth Rumkorem and Jacob Prai sign an agreement (the 'Port Vila Declaration') in Vanuatu to cooperate; Rumkorem to head the OPM military and Prai to lead in political matters Technical survey sub‑committee of JBC agrees to place more border pillars by 1987. [bab]

1985 July 12

Amnesty International reported that on this day 4 Irianese, Nabot Wanma, Ones Surontouw, Isaak Waroumi and Abraham Hamong, were forcibly repatriated and tortured, facing serious charges in Indonesia. [bab]

1985 July 13

Somare, while visiting Australia, suggests that Australia ease Papua New Guinea's financial burdens by resettling some Irianese refugees. [bab]

1985 July 22

Amnesty International reported that on this day 3 of 4 Irianese, Nabot Wanma, Ones Surontouw, Isaak Waroumi and Abraham Hamong, who had been detained in Wewak for illegal entry into Papua New Guinea, were forcibly repatriated and tortured, facing serious charges in Indonesia. [bab]

1985 July 26

Chris Hurford, Australian Immigration Minister, claimed that if the government allowed the 5 Irianese on Thursday Island to stay in Australia, hundreds of others would follow. [bab]

1985 August

During the trials of 6 West Sepik villagers charged with setting up a para-military force to assist the OPM, the villagers alleged that various government officials and parliamentarians had requested them to arrange the meetings with OPM leaders; several Papua New Guinea leaders were named by the villagers. [bab]

1985 August 01

Twelve Irianese refugees were voluntarily repatriated, according to Antara, bringing the total number of those repatriated to around 160. [bab]

1985 August 02

Antara reported that 700 Indonesians had returned to Irian Jaya of their own accord, because in Papua New Guinea they were not adequately fed. [bab]

1985 August 05

Somare said that the ABC could base a journalist in Papua New Guinea from September 1985. [bab]

1985 August 11

K1 million to be allocated to Papua New Guinea's Indonesia border projects for the following year; for feasibility study of border highway and feeder roads, maintenance of border stations, water supply, sanitation and quarantine programs, solar panels and transceivers for schools and aid posts, a survey of agricultural potential, construction of Wutung bridge, and some village level projects (K4 million to be allocated over next 4 years); roads to be funded by Public Works, not as part of border development projects late 1985 August 1985 Papua New Guinea Foreign Affairs Minister Giheno said that 26 people from Fak Fak had crossed at Yapsie into Papua New Guinea. [bab]

1985 September 15

Somare indicated that the refugees did not want to stay permanently in Papua New Guinea but that any who requested permissive residency would be considered. [bab]

1985 September 17

Bill Morrison after a two week tour of Irian Jaya stated that Irianese were growing tired of the OPM and were informing the Indonesian authorities of OPM activities. [bab]

1985 September 22

Antara reported that 9 Irianese adults and 2 children who had lived in Papua New Guinea for a year had arrived by boat in Jayapura under a supervised repatriation program. [bab]

1985 September 23-26

Joint Border Committee meeting at Rabaul discussed compensation for the road crossing into Papua New Guinea; border development; traditional border crossings; border security; communication on the border; joint search and rescue measures; border survey. Rustam and Giheno attend opening - first meeting when Ministers attend. [bab]

1985 September 24

Matane and Giheno called for closer trade relations between Papua New Guinea and Indonesia. [bab]

1985 September 25

Somare said Papua New Guinea had no intention of resettling Irianese refugees. [bab]

1985 September 26

A Memorandum of Understanding on survey and demarcation of the common border was signed. Secretary‑General of the Indonesian Foreign Affairs Ministry, Mr. Soedarmono, told Times that Indonesia and UNDP had signed an agreement for the UNDP to carry out a feasibility study in Irian Jaya on balanced border development. [bab]

1985 September 27

The Post-Courier reported that Hayden has offered to mediate on border problems between Papua New Guinea and Indonesia, and planned a visit to Papua New Guinea in November. [bab]

1985 September 30

Matane reported as saying that Papua New Guinea wanted no middle-man to negotiate with Indonesia over border issue. [bab]

1985 October

A further 3 West Papuans arrived on Boigu Island, Torres Strait, seeking refugee status. [bab]

1985 October (early)

Three hundred and fifty people from Irian Jaya crossed into Papua New Guinea at Bewani for medical attention; most later moved to Black Water. [bab]

1985 October 04

Fr. Momis, Deputy PM, said that all 10,000 refugees could be accommodated in Papua New Guinea. [bab]

1985 October 05

Rustam announced that border meeting had removed distrust between Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. [bab]

1985 October 07

Australia to contribute another $400,000 to UN relief programs for Papua New Guinea's border. Australia had already contributed $1.5 million to the UNHCR for West Papuan refugees. [bab]

1985 October 11

Twelve West Papuan camp dwellers from Telefomin deported from Vanimo. [bab]

1985 October 12

About 100 Irianese rioted in Vanimo in response to the decision to forcibly repatriate 12 West Papuans known as criminals. Bishop Etheridge alleged to have created the trouble; gave rise to tally of Etheridge's deportation. [bab]

1985 October 15

Two Irian Jayan refugees were sentenced to 12 months jail in Vanimo for possession of bombs; Ambassador Imam Soepomo denied an Antara report that the 12 West Papuans deported were being kept in jail in Jayapura. [bab]

1985 October 16

115 refugees charged with rioting in Vanimo. [bab]

1985 October 17

Mr. Bais, acting FM, said that Indonesia had invited a pasty of 6 people, including Bishop Etheridge, to visit Irian Jaya to check on treatment of repatriated 12; this invitation was not confirmed. Etheridge had talks with leaders in Waigani; Bais was convinced that Etheridge was nit responsible for the riot. [bab]

1985 October 21

Australian Foreign Affairs Department announced that a further three West Papuans have reached Boigu Island and claim asylum in Australia. An West Papuan permissive resident damaged Papua New Guinea Foreign Affairs reception area. [bab]

1985 October 24

Antara reported that talks between Indonesia and Papua New Guinea would be postponed because the Papua New Guinea delegation had failed to arrive in Jayapura on schedule, and Indonesia had not been told why the officials had not arrived. [bab]

1985 October 25

Cabinet approved Morris's plan for repatriation of those not refugees ! and resettlement in Papua New Guinea or through UNHCR for those determined to be refugees; present camps would be relocated further from border, all planned deportations to be halted. [bab]

1985 October 27

Acting Foreign Minister Tony Bais called for countries involved in agreeing to Indonesia's takeover of Irian Jaya in 1963 to accept Irianese refugees. [bab]

1985 October 28

Somare returns from CHOGM in Bahamas, unaware of new government policy on Irian Jaya border crossers; Somare believed Papua New Guinea could handle the issue on its own, as against acting Foreign Minister Tony Bais, who said Australia, Indonesia, USA and Holland should do more to solve the problem. [bab]

1985 November

Australia and Indonesia initial an extradition treaty. [bab]

1985 November 05

Australian High Court considered Immigration Minister Hurford's appeal against Federal Court ruling over Mayer case in 1984, but High Court decided that Immigration must provide reasons for refusing Mayer's application for refugee status. [bab]

1985 November 08‑09

Second Papua New Guinea‑Indonesia Dialogue held at Yogyakarta. [bab]

1985 November 11

Giheno criticised Hayden's view that Papua New Guinea had no 'proper refugee policy' as being patronising; Giheno pointed to the MomisBais policy as Papua New Guinea's refugee policy. [bab]

1985 November 12

In response to Hayden's statement that Papua New Guinea did not have a policy of its own over refugees, Patterson Lowa stated that Australia had no policy of its own. [bab]

1985 November 13‑17

Border Liaison Meeting held at Sorong, dealing with local border administration problems. [bab]

1985 November 16

Mochtar stated that Indonesia's Irianese policies had no bearing on the refugee influx into Papua New Guinea, although there were misconceptions about Irianese policy. [bab]

1985 November 17

An Indonesian survey team was attacked by OPM rebels in the Fly river bulge area; an OPM.man with bullet wounds flown to Port Moresby the following week. [bab]

1985 November 20

Antara reported that an 8 member Papua New Guinea team headed by Mataio Rabura to check on Indonesian treatment of repatriated Irianese were satisfied with the arrangements in Indonesian settlements. [bab]

1985 November 21

Vote of no‑confidence in PM Somare places Paias Wingti in power. [bab]

1985 November 26

Indonesia announced plans to spend K52 million to develop border: highway, health and education, airstrips, industrial and agricultural developments and trading centres; K1.5 million to be spent on border security: over next three years. [bab]

1985 December 03

Geradus Thorny and two assistants surrendered to authorities in Papua New Guinea; sought to speak to officials; Paias Wingti sought UNHCR help for Thomy's resettlement in a third country. [bab]

1985 December 07

OPM leaders James Nyaro and Alex Donald Derey surrendered to Papua New Guinea authorities fleeing from factional fighting in the OPM. [bab]

1985 December 13

Supreme Court Judge Justice Cory ruled that select repatriation from ~) the border camps was according to Papua New Guinea statutes. [bab]

1985 December 18

Papua New Guinea Cabinet rejected a Foreign Affairs submission `, which sought to resettle some genuine refugees in Papua New Guinea. Decision on refugees to be postponed until 1986. [bab]

1985 December 20

Sir Paulias Matane retires as Papua New Guinea Secretary of Foreign Affairs after 5 years' service; William Dihm becomes Secretary. [bab]

1985 December 23

Papua New Guinea Foreign Minister Vagi said that border crossers ' would be sent back after a program was formulated, but that genuine refugees would not be forced to return to Indonesia [bab]

1985 December 31

Four Papua New Guinea students returned to Papua New Guinea from USSR where they had been studying, and where they had been assured of USSR support for OPM; had been asked to contact OPM leaders. [bab]

1986 Jan (late) – Feb (early)

Forty-four West Papuans crossed into Papua New Guinea and surrendered themselves to camp officials at Kuiu and Ningerum camps. After they had appeared in court for illegal entry, Vagi stated that charges would be dropped.] [bab]

1986 January (late)

Bernard Mawen appointed OPM leader of southern faction. [bab]

1986 January 09

PM Paias Wingti and Foreign Minister Legu Vagi agree that Papua New Guinea would be advantaged by becoming a full member of ASEAN but that no final decision would be made until after the middle of the year. [bab]

1986 January 11(?)

OPM reported an OPM attack led by General Boni and take‑over of Waris district headquarters; Papua New Guinea officials later dismissed the report as mere propaganda. [bab]

1986 January 15

Papua New Guinea Foreign Minister Vagi asked some provinces to take refugees temporarily. East Sepik's Jonathan Sengi alleges it will cause more refugees to cross. [bab]

1986 January 16

PM Wingti said approval had been granted for restoration of border (security and a screening of refugees); genuine refugees would be granted permissive residency and moved from border area, prior to resettlement in Papua New Guinea or a third country; illegal crossers would be sent back if they had no genuine ties with Papua New Guinea; border camps to be moved away from the border. [bab]

1986 January 20

Papua New Guinea Cabinet rejected Vagi's submission regarding refugees. Six ministers and Foreign Affairs officials were appointed to a committee to make alternative arrangements. Ministers on the committee were Vagi, Dutton, Bourne, Warena, Matiabe and Wes; Papua New Guinea agreed to accede to UN Convention (1951) and Protocol (1967) on the status and treatment of refugees. [bab]

1986 January 21

Papua New Guinea Cabinet decided to accede to 1951 UN Convention and 1967 Protocol relating to refugees. [bab]

1986 January 24(?)

Gulf Premier, Francis Malaisa, offered the use of Wabo camp as a processing centre for refugees, as a transitional centre, to be funded by UNHCR; 105 Vanimo refugees acquitted of charges of rioting and damaging government buildings in Vanimo. [bab]

1986 January 27

Several West Papuan prisoners were reportedly killed by Indonesian soldiers at Abepura jail Five Australian Opposition MPs led by David Connolly visited Jayapura to study transmigration policy and interviewed 7 West Papuans who had been deported in October 1985, who stated they had been bashed by Papua New Guinea police prior to deportation, and had been interrogated in Irian Jaya over the last 3 months. Governor Hindom told the MPs that he welcomed transmigration and hoped to create a skilled and industrious Irian Jaya free of tribal warfare. [bab]

1986 January 31

Four hundred refugees from Bewani were shifted to Vanimo's Black i Water camp. [bab]

1986 January 31- February 02

Foreign Minister Legu Vagi visits Indonesia to speak to Supardjo Roestam and Benny Murdani. [bab]

1986 February (early)

Another 5 West Papuans arrived on Saibai Island, Torres Strait. [bab]

1986 February (late)

Two more West Papuans arrive in Torres Strait; Mochtar announces a new 'look east' policy to involve Indonesia more with South Pacific nations. [bab]

1986 February 02

Vagi announces that Indonesia and Papua New Guinea will sign a treaty of friendship. [bab]

1986 February 05

Vagi says few crossers were expected to be refugees; most would be sent back; none would be resettled in Papua New Guinea, but in third countries. [bab]

1986 February 08

Moses Werror, leader of the OPM Revolutionary Council, in Madang, threatened that the OPM would destabilise Papua New Guinea ‑Indonesian relations, and protested at the exclusion of OPM from recent talks. [bab]

1986 February 11

47 camp dwellers repatriated by charter aircraft from Kiunga to Merauke [bab]

1986 March 04

John Giheno (Henganofi) criticised the new border policy because of Papua New Guinea's inability to house and educate the refugees, and criticised Papua New Guinea for allowing the UN to dictate to it. [bab]

1986 March 08

Thirty-one West Papuans left Blackwater camp for Irian Jaya. [bab]

1986 March 10

213 West Papuans left Kamberatoro and Amanab for Jaya pura, under UN supervision between 1986 March 10 and 1986 March 20 1986 Six Indonesians were shot dead near the town of Sarmi, 150 km west of Jayapura. [bab]

1986 March 13

Commander-in-Chief of the Papua New Guinea Defence Force, Brig. Gen. Tony Huai, left for a 15 day visit of Indonesia to discuss exchange of attaches with Indonesia. Six Indonesians land in Darwin by small boat. [bab]

1986 March 21

Papua New Guinea Government decides to relocate refugees at East Awin Aita1e and Wabo, and to employ 7,000 refugees on a plantation at East Awin. [bab]

1986 March 26

Huai announced that he and Murdani had agreed that Papua New Guinea and Indonesia should seek to eliminate the OPM; would make use of common intelligence sources. [bab]

1986 March 27

Niugini Nius carries a report and pictures of OPM leader Bas Mekawa, who was appointed head of OPM's northern region through a'bush election'. [bab]

1986 March 31

OPM forces kidnap 4 Indonesians and a Melanesian from Urungue. [bab]

1986 April (mid)

A 7 member Australian parliamentary team visited Papua New Guinea to investigate the refugee issue. [bab]

1986 April 04

Bonny Andaya, OPM Chief of Operations, warned Huai that the OPM would not be discouraged by his threats. [bab]

1986 April 06 Fifty

-eight villages sought refugee at Yapsei near Telefomin. [bab]

1986 April 10

OPM capture 13 workers (2 Filipinos and 11 Indonesians) working on the border road near Arso and Senge and destroy roadmaking equipment. [bab]

1986 April 19

Moses Werror announces that the OPM Revolutionary Council had ordered the deaths of 10 Indonesian captives. [bab]

1986 May 02

Border liaison meeting held at Jayapura. Trade relations discussed. Suryanto Sri Wardoyo told press that Papua New Guinea wanted stronger trade ties with Indonesia, especially between Daru and Merauke, in order to buy fuel oil, clothing, construction materials and staple foods. [bab]

1986 May 06

P.M. Wingti stated in parliament that the Government would not tolerate the OPM using Papua New Guinea soil for illegal activities, and that there was no new Government policy relating to this. [bab]

1986 May 15

Fr. John Momis while in Australia announced that the West Papuan cause must be supported by the Papua New Guinea government. [bab]

1986 May 18-19

Huai and Murdani hold talks in Jayapura to discuss border security and exchange of attaches. [bab]

1986 May 21

Papua New Guinea Cabinet approved the draft Treaty of Mutual Respect, Co‑operation and Friendship. [bab]

1986 May 28

Papua New Guinea Foreign Affairs Secretary William Dihm visited Jakarta to begin negotiation over the draft of the Treaty. [bab]

1986 June (early)

Talks between Papua New Guinea and Indonesia over the Treaty end in deadlock. [bab]

1986 June (mid)

Amnesty International accused Indonesian military interrogators in Irian Jaya of using torture. [bab]

1986 June 16

Hindom opens five markets on the border. [bab]

1986 June 18

Somare criticises Wingti's government for breaking 'the border development agreement', for neglecting border development and encouraging border crossing by offering permissive residency or resettlement in third countries. The Australian government granted refugee status to 2 of 11 West Papuans in the Torres Strait Islands and granted temporary permits to all 11. In reply to Paul Dibb's defence report, Indonesia's new Army Commander, Lieut.-Gen. Try Sutrisno, stated that Indonesia did not threaten any country. [bab]

1986 June 22

Papua New Guinea announced that it would sign the ASEAN Treaty of Amity and Concord, in a prelude to joining ASEAN, although it did not have full member status, at ASEAN's 19th Ministerial meeting, Manila. [bab]

1986 June 24

Five OPM leaders in Bomana jail were to be flown to Ghana for resettlement. [bab]

1986 June 30

Mochcar told Hayden that Indonesia did not seek repatriation of the 9 West Papuans who had arrived in Torres Strait Islands and who were not judged to be refugees by the DORS committee. [bab]

1986 July (early)

Thirty-eight villagers left Swanda near Wasengla mission in order to work near Waris because of employment prospects. [bab]

1986 July 04

Six Wutung villagers charged with assisting OPM acquitted by Vanimo District Court for lack of evidence. [bab]

1986 July 10

Sixth Joint Technical Sub-committee meeting on survey and demarcation of the border held between Papua New Guinea and Indonesian officials at Arawa Wingti proposes central government control over 60km border zone. [bab]

1986 July 11

Wingti visits Vanimo. [bab]

1986 July 16

Vagi announces that all foreign media personnel are banned from visiting the border. [bab]

1986 July 19

One hundred and twenty-nine camp dwellers repatriated by air from Atkamba camp, W.P., to Mindiptanah; UNHCR officials suggest that a third of the West Papuans camp dwellers may eventually repatriate voluntarily. [bab]

1986 July 29

Bagus Sumitro becomes Indonesian Ambassador to Papua New Guinea. [bab]

1986 July 30

An OPM statement was circulated announcing a restructure of OPM command, with Charles Lawrence Doga as military chief; Martin Prawa as deputy and commander of Biak; Mosek Merani (Seruwi); Timo Katnbu (Sorong); Mathias Wendra (Tanamerah) and Yang Seri (Border region - renamed 'Hollandia'). [bab]

1986 August 06

OPM forces including Lawrence Doga (also known as Charles Mida) appointed Fisor Yarisetouw as new leader and David Jebleb as deputy. [bab]

1986 August 15

Wingti restructures Papua New Guinea Ministerial Committee on Border Development to include Chan, Warena, Wes, Dutton, Ratnoi, Diro and Okuk. [bab]

1986 August 20

Colonel Joe Bau becomes Papua New Guinea's military attache to Indonesia. [bab]

1986 August 21

Eighty-nine refugees at Telefomin have urged government to send them back to Green River. [bab]

1986 August 27

Four OPM leaders in Papua New Guinea's Bomana prison fly to Ghana; they are Gerardus Thorny, Ries Wader, Donald Derey and David Timka; Nyaro did not accompany them as planned due to ill health. [bab]

1986 August 31

Four hundred and forty-six border crossers arrive at Yapsei seeking refuge; consisting of 117 male adults; 122 female adults; 110 male children; 97 female children. Second International Commission of Jurists mission arrives in Port Moresby. [bab]

1986 September 02

Papua New Guinea government and UNHCR sign an agreement under which UNHCR will provide K224,000 for the period up to 31 December 1986 to resettle Irian Jayans in Papua New Guinea Wingti expresses disappointment that UNHCR provided only K224,000 and not K2 million for refugees since 1 January 1986. [bab]

1986 September 03

Seven hundred and forty‑seven West Papuans from villages around the Kiwirok station, several hundred kilometers across the border, arrived to Papua New Guinea, after an attack on their area by Indonesian soldiers in March. [bab]

1986 September 04

UNHCR representative in Port Moresby, Akilaja Akiwumi, ' announced that he would fly to West Sepik to interview the latest border , crossers; he also told press that he had not been notified of the crossings by the Papua New Guinea Government and knew only what he had read in the Papua New Guinea press of the crossings [bab]

1986 September 05

PM Wingti states that there is nothing Papua New Guinea can do regarding West Papuan claims for independence. [bab]

1986 September 06

UNHCR representative Akiwumi told International Commission of Jurists members that the UNHCR had determined that all border camp dwellers were genuine refugees. [bab]

1986 September 19

Reported OPM raid on Mindiptanah military post. [bab]

1986 October 10

Hayden announced that Australia would provide $1 trillion in 1986/87 for the UNHCR to assist in refugee support. Australia had already provided $3 million over the previous two years. [bab]

1986 October 21-26

Four day Joint Border Committee meeting, Bandung. Indonesian Interior Minister Supardjo Rustam, in opening the meeting at Bandung, announced that 6000 refugees had returned to Irian Jaya since February 1984. [bab]

1986 October 26

Indonesian Transmigration Minister Martono announced that only 2000 families and not the planned 5500 had been resettled in Irian Jaya this year, because of the slump in world oil prices which reduced Indonesia's export earnings. [bab]

1986 October 26

Treaty of Friendship, Co‑operation and Mutual Respect signed in Port Moresby by Mochtar and Vagi. [bab]

1986 October 28

Mochtar suggested that Indonesia might seek future joint military actions on the border as a follow-up to the treaty; Mochtar announced that Papua New Guinea and Indonesia planned to set up consulates in border towns in both northern and southern border areas. Papua New Guinea Opposition foreign affairs spokesman, Giheno, criticised the Papua New Guinea government for signing the treaty which he said effectively prevented Papua New Guinea from making any future protests against Indonesia's inhumane treatment in Irian Jaya, and which would label protests against border incursions as 'unfriendly conduct' towards Indonesia. [bab]

1986 October 29

Fisor Yarisetouw, OPM leader and 4 others arrested at Bewani for illegal entry; Charles Doga's group had kidnapped Yarisetouw and handed him over to Papua New Guinea authorities at Bewani. [bab]

1986 October 30

Papua New Guinea Foreign Minister Vagi criticised Australian High Commissioner Micael Wilson for making comments on current developments in Papua New Guinea. [bab]

1986 October 31

Papua New Guinea Foreign Affairs officials announced that Papua New Guinea records existed for only 1000 returnees, compared to Supardjo's claim, repeated by Mochtar, that 5000 refugees had voluntarily returned to Irian Java. [bab]

1986 December (early)

Charles Doga and others of his group were kidnapped near Sekotiau and later reported killed; Papua New Guinea Police and Defence Force units went to the area to deter further fighting. Police ordered Doga's camp of 100 people to leave their camp on the Papua New Guinea side of the border. [bab]

1986 December 11

Ted Diro becomes Wingti's new Foreign Affairs minister. [bab]

1987 January 02

Diro announces that 396 Irian Jayans will be voluntarily repatriated. [bab]

1987 January 19

Sixty-six members of Doga's group cross to Bewani. [bab]

1987 February (early)

Treaty of Mutual Respect, Friendship and Cooperation ratified by i Indonesia's parliament. [bab]

1987 February 17

Indonesian Chief of Staff, Murdani stated that there was a good level of understanding between the Papua New Guinea and Indonesian armed forces. [bab]

1987 March (early) - April (early)

78 refugees from Komopkin and 47 from Tarakbits repatriated. [bab]

1987 March 19

An Indonesian military helicopter was reported to have made an incursion at Wasengla. [bab]

1987 April 07

Australian PM Hawke accused Libya of offering to help OPM leaders in an effort to cause insurrection in Indonesia. [bab]

1987 April 09-10

One hundred and six refugees from Tarakbits, Dome, Iogi and Komokpin were repatriated to Mindiptanah. [bab]

1987 April 11-12

Fifty-two refugees repatriated from Amanab to Jayapura. [bab]

1987 May 13

Moses Werror, OPM spokesman, claims that Libya has provided money and training to the OPM, but that the OPM has not adopted terrorism. [bab]

1987 May 17

Three OPM members from Wamena were arrested at Bewani and charged for illegally entering Papua New Guinea. They were arrested while trying to meet members of their group at Bewani. [bab]

1987 August

Aruru Matiabe becomes Acting Foreign Minister while Diro is under investigation regarding his financial dealings as former Forestry Minister. [bab]

1987 August 06

Wingti reelected as PM. [bab]

1987 August 12

OPM leaders Salosa and Yarisetouw responded to reports that a Jayapura OPM group had surrendered to Indonesia in June by stating that the OPM was continuing its struggle. [bab]

1987 August 17

Matiabe stated that 9,913 border crossers remain in the 16 border camps; 20 from Niogonbam camp and 47 from Morehead were repatriated. [bab]

1987 August 19

Black Water refugees appealed to UNHCR not to be resettled at East Awin. 187 refugees (147 from Atkamba and others from Dome, Black Water and Telefomin were resettled at East Awin.) [bab]

1987 September 04

Matiabe announced that Papua New Guinea would become a member of the Non-Aligned Movement. [bab]

1987 September 21

Wingti stated that Papua New Guinea had not decided on joining the Non-Aligned Movement, and was only investigating the possibility of doing so. [bab]

1987 September 23

Six hundred West Papuans (280 from Dome, 157 from Kotnopkin, 94 from Niogomban and 92 from Tarakbits) to be repatriated; to date, 515 refugees resettled at East Awin. [bab]

1987 September 30

A 'sex racket' involving refugee women from Black Water and senior government officials at Vanimo was reported. [bab]

1987 October (early)

Papua New Guinea Defence Minister James Pokasui tabled a new Defence policy calling for an upgraded Papua New Guinea Defence Force. [bab]

1987 October 12

Papua New Guinea Gulf Provincial Assembly speaker, Leo Kavana suggested West Sepik refugees move to Wabo camp. [bab]

1987 October 26

Diro announced that K124,000 had been raised for him by an Australian business friend. [bab]

1987 October 27

Third Papua New Guinea‑Indonesia Dialogue held in Port Moresby. [bab]

1987 November (late)

Approximately 200 Indonesian troops alleged to have crossed the border into West Sepik. [bab]

1987 November 09

Diro revealed that actually Indonesia's Chief of Staff Murdani had supplied US$ 139,400 to Diro for his PAP election campaign. [bab]

1987 November 10

Papua New Guinea announces that it will receive US military aid and take part in joint training exercises. [bab]

1987 November 11

Murdani denies Diro's claims and tells Parliament that he did not give any money to Diro; Matiabe claims that contributions from foreign politicians and business interests were 'the normal thing' for political leaders to accept. Talks held between Matiabe and Supardjo Rustam. [bab]

1987 November 12

Wingti sacked Matiabe and took over Foreign Affairs ministry himself. [bab]

1987 November 25

Akoka Doi appointed Papua New Guinea Foreign Minister. [bab]

1987 November 26

Papua New Guinea Communications Minister Ramoi proposes media controls. [bab]

1987 December (early)

ASEAN Summit meeting amends Treaty of Amity and Concord so that non‑Asean countries can become signatories; Papua New Guinea is accepted as a signatory. [bab]

1987 December 09

Wingti visits Australia to sign the Joint Declaration of Principles. [bab]

1987 December 17

Wingti sacks Papua New Guinea Defence Force Commander Huai after it became known that Huai had secretly met with Murdani to disclose the contents of the Joint Declaration of Principles while that agreement was being negotiated. [bab]

1988 January 18-21

Wingti visits Indonesia and talks with Suharto and Murdani. [bab]

1988 January 21

Wingti held private talks with Murdani in Bali to discuss the Diro affair. [bab]

1988 January 26

Wingti announced that Murdani had told him that he had given Diro campaign funds. [bab]

1988 March 03

OPM raid on Indonesian transmigration camp at Arso; some civilians killed and hostages taken. [bab]

1988 March 10

Three hostages taken during the Arso raid had been taken to Papua New Guinea and were released to Papua New Guinea authorities; returned to Indonesia by Papua New Guinea on March 14 1988. [bab]

1988 April 03

Approximately 200 Indonesian soldiers entered West Sepik and raided a camp reported to be made up of those who had raided Arso. Indonesian troops remained camped in Papua New Guinea until April 241988. [bab]

1988 April 06

Papua New Guinea border patrol contacted Indonesian troops camped in West Sepik. [bab]

1988 April 11-27

Papua New Guinea Department of Foreign Affairs contacted Itrdonesia to seek Indonesian troop withdrawal from West Sepik. Withdrawal commenced on April 26 1988. One shot was fired by Indonesian troops towards Papua New Guinean soldiers. [bab]

1988 July 04

Reported incursion of Indonesian troops into Western Province near Irimkwe and Kwem villages. [bab]

1988 July 24

Papua New Guinea border patrol confirmed Indonesian troop incursion in Western Province; during Indonesian troop withdrawal, shots were fired first from Indonesians towards Papua New Guineans, whereupon Papua New Guineans returned fire. [bab]

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