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MELANESIA: BEYOND DIVERSITY

May, R.J. and Hank Nelson (Editors) 1982 Melanesia: Beyond Diversity, Volumes I and II,
Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University, Canberra.

      © The Authors and the Australian National University, 1982.
       Use of any part of this document for any purpose must be acknowledged.

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VOLUME I

Title pages, preface, table of contents, etc... i

BOUNDARIES AND IDENTITY

MELANESIAN BOUNDARIES
Definitions of people and place - ROGER M. KEESING 3
The linguistic point of view - S.A. WURM 7
Biogeographical markers - DONALD WALKER 11
Prehistoric movement and mapping - JACK GOLSON 17

ISLETS AND ENCLAVES
Isolated populations in enclaves or on small islands - NORMA McARTHUR 27
Melanesian linguistic diversity: a Melanesian choice? - D.C. LAYCOCK 33
Traditional enclaves in Melanesia - ROGER M. KEESING 39

BELIEFS AND VALUES

VILLAGER AND MISSIONARY
Madang and beyond - PETER LAWRENCE 57
Vanuatu values: a changing symbiosis - ROBERT TONKINSON 73
Binandere values: a personal reflection - J.D.WAIKO 91
Missionaries in Melanesia before the First World War - DIANE LANGMORE 107
Custom, change and conflict: Fijian Wesleyan ministers, 1835-1945 - A.W.THORNLEY 123

THE COLONIAL MASTAS
The Australians in Papua and New Guinea - HANK NELSON 143
The Germans in New Guinea - STEWART FIRTH 151
Double Dutch and Indons - PETER HASTINGS 157
The British in Fiji - DERYCK SCARR 163
The French in New Caledonia - LINDA LATHAM 169
The Japanese 1942-1945: a note on the scale of the dying - HANK NELSON 175

INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL LINKAGES

SOCIAL ORGANIZATION AND TRADE
The effects of scale on social and economic organization - R. GERARD WARD 181
Pre-contact trade in Papua New Guinea - JIM ALLEN 193
The persistence of traditional trade and ceremonial exchange in the Massim - MARTHA MACINTYRE AND MICHAEL YOUNG 207

LANGUAGE
Languages and migrations
Papuan languages - S.A. WURM 225
Austronesian languages - D.T. TRYON 241
Trade languages and lingue franche
The Melanesian response to linguistic diversity: the Papuan example - TOM DUTTON 251
Tok Pisin: A Melanesian solution to the problem of Melanesian linguistic diversity - D.C. LAYCOCK 263
The Solomon Islands and Vanuatu: varying responses to diversity - D.T. TRYON 273

PEOPLES AND PLANTS IN MELANESIAN PREHISTORY
The history of cultivated plants - D.E. YEN 281
Kuk and the history of agriculture in the New Guinea highlands - JACK GOLSON 297
Irrigation in Melanesia: formative adaptation and intensification - MATTHEW SPRIGGS 309



VOLUME II

DEVELOPMENT CONTEXT

SUBSISTENCE AND CASH CROPPING
Changes in subsistence cropping - R. GERARD WARD 327
Plantations and the plantation mode of production - D. EVANS 339
The introduction of cash cropping to the Western Highlands: some evidence from Enga - R. LACEY 351

TRANSPORTATION
Air transport and telecommunications in Melanesia - CHRISTOPHER C. KISSLING 373
Domestic shipping: ownership, organization and control - ANNE C. DUNBAR 393
Roads - M. W. WARD 415

SOCIAL CHANGE
Contradiction, mediation and hegemony in pre capitalist New Guinea: warfare, production and sexual antagonism in the Eastern Highlands - MIKE DONALDSON 435
Urbanization and inequality in Melanesia - JOHN CONNELL and RICHARD CURTAIN 461
Development and dependency: divergent approaches to the political economy of Papua New Guinea - JOHN CONNELL 501

POLITICS: LOCAL, NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL

COLONIAL AND POST INDEPENDENCE POLITICS
New Caledonia: the politics of land - A.D. WARD 531
Colonial and post independence politics: Vanuatu - JAMES JUPP and MARIAN SAWER 549
Decolonization politics in Solomon Islands: the model that never was - J.M. HERLIHY 571
Fiji: post independence politics - J. NATION 601
Lawlessness in the Papua New Guinea Highlands - MARIE REAY 623
Political style in modern Melanesia - R.J. MAY 639
Melanesia and South Pacific regional politics - G.E. FRY 651
New nations and old imperialism - E.G. WHITLAM 675


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