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Whittaker, Gash, Hookey and Lacey   1975

Documents and Readings in New Guinea History

The Jacaranda Press, Milton.
© Copyright Whittaker, Gash, Hookey and Lacey, 1975.
Reproduced with permission.

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TITLE PAGES
Forewordxv
Prefacexvii
Acknowledgmentsxix
List of Illustrationsxxi



SECTION A

Understanding Ancestors3
PART 1
Living Voices of the Past: Documents A1 to A46
A1The Mythic Charter of the Kingfisher People of Siuai, Bougainville, 193911
A2A Barereba Family Oral Tradition Concerning the Death of Mr J.Green, Government Agent, at Tamata Junction in 189712
A3Ahuia Ova of Hohodae Recalls his Past Life, 193914
A4Paliau Maloat Reflects upon his Childhood and First Experiences of the World beyond his Village, c.195423
PART 2
The Material Framework of Life27
Relationships of Man to Soil: Documents A5 to A927
A5A Government Inquiry into Land Tenure among the Moapa Tribe of the Aroma Region in British New Guinea, 189332
A6An Old Woman of Tabar Grieves for the Loss of her Kinsmen's Gardens, 193333
A7Ties Binding the People of Tanga to their Soil, 193434
A8Some Evidence for the Antiquity of Horticulture near Mount Hagen, c.350 B.C.38
A9Patterns of Stone Age Gardening in the Baliem Valley, 193839
Networks of Exchange and Trade: Documents A10 to A1542
A10Captain Barton's Description of the 1906 Hiri47
Al1Some Aspects of the Kula Ring, 1914-1850
A12A Missionary Reports on the Te Exchange Cycle among the Enga People of Wabag, c. 195055
A13Canoe Trade and Barter among the Kiwai People, 1910-1260
A14Pigs and Shell Money in Buin: Changing Economic Patterns, 1908-3462
A15Rivalry and Exchange at an Arel Sigit Feast at Tenkuien Village, Tanga Island, September-October 193365
PART 3
The Community of Men and Spirits69
Patterns of Social Relations and Politics: Documents A16 to A2172
A16Continuity and Change in Mailu, 1915-1951
  (a) Malinowski's View of the Village Community, 191578
  (b) Firth's Study of Mailu, 195181
A17The Adaptation of the Manam Island Aristocracy to European Contact, 1934 to 1952
  (a) The Tanepoa in 193483
  (b) The Changing Situation in 195285
A18Men of Power and Influence among the Tolai of Blanche Bay, New Britain, 189786
A19Village Politics in the Ngarawapum Area of the Markham Valley, 194588
A20Portrait of Kavagl, a Chimbu Despot, 193891
A21Secret Societies as Realms of Power in the Gazelle Peninsula, 1882-190794
Images of Tradition and Identity: Documents A22 to A2899
A22New Ireland Malangans in their Social and Cultural Setting, 1900106
A23A Traditional Legend and Song from the Trobriand Islands, c.1918110
A24Some Modern Secular Songs from Bougainville
  (a) Two Songs from Buin, c. 1934112
  (b) A Lament on the Death of Miruho, a Mumi of Morokaimoro, c.1939114
A25The Stylized Oratory of a Kuma Rhetoric Thumper (Kang'b Ro) at a Pig Ceremonial, 1955115
A26Kondom Agaundo, a Chimbu Orator, Speaks for the Highland People in the Legislative Council, September 1963116
A27Ritual Drama at Orokolo in the Papuan Gulf, 1932117
A28The Passing of the Hohao Masks and Hevehe Ceremonial at Orokolo, c.1968121
Language and Society: Documents A29 to A33122
A29Papuan and Melanesian Speakers in British New Guinea, 1892130
A30The Changing Linguistic Picture of New Guinea, 1960131
A31Words, Plants and People in the History of Melanesia, 1961136
A32The Language of the Mbowamb of Mount Hagen as Evidence of Attitudes to their Environment, 1938137
A33Sir William MacGregor Adopts Motu as a Means of Communicating Law and Order to the People of British New Guinea, 1893138
PART 4
New Guinea in a Wider World: Documents A34 to A42140
A34Genetic Evidence for the Origins of Motu and Koita Peoples of Papua, 1958146
A35Tracing the History of Highlands Ancestors through Blood Ties, 1958149
A36From Hunting to Horticulture: The Sequence of Human Endeavour in the Australian New Guinea Highlands, 1964152
A37The First Carbon Date for the Highlands -- Chuave 8400 B.C.155
A38An Archaeologist Interprets Patterns of Human History in the Highlands, 1967155
A39Prehistoric Pottery Remains at Wanigela, 1905159
A40Traces Left by the Potters of Watom Island, c. 500 B.C.161
A41Evidence from Grasslands of Population Movements in the Highlands, 1961163
A42A Study of Developments in the Huon Peninsula -- Towards a Regional Cultural History, 1960167



SECTION B

GENERAL INTRODUCTION
The Intrusion of the European173
PART 1
Background, Approach and Motives176
Early Iberian Contacts: Documents Bl to B9182
BlDom Jorge de Meneses, First European in New Guinea, 1526184
B2Saavedra reaches 'The Golden Isle', 1528184
B3The Voyage of Grijalva and Alvarado,1537185
B4De Retes Names New Guinea, 1545186
B5The Discovery of the Solomon Islands, 1567187
B6Herrera Sums up the State of Knowledge on New Guinea and the Solomon Islands, 1601188
B7Spanish Contact with Natives of Mailu Island, 1606188
B8Evidence for a Spanish Discovery of Port Moresby, 1606190
B9A Letter from Luis Vaez de Torres to His Majesty, 1607191
Dutch Enterprise and Claims: Documents B10 to B28192
B10Linschoten Reveals the Limits of Dutch Knowledge of the South-west Pacific, 1596195
Bl1A Decision to Gather Information on New Guinea, 1602196
B12First Dutch Contact with New Guinea, 1605-6196
B13Carstensz Disenchanted by New Guinea and its People, 1623198
B14Tragic Trading Mission of Gerrit Pool, 1636199
B15Vink's Efforts Marred by Hostilities, 1663200
B16Keyts' Trading Expedition to the New Guinea Coast, 1678201
B17An Attempt to Regularize Trade by Treaty, 1678202
B18Ceramese Reports on the Natives of West New Guinea, c. 1685203
B19Dutch Impressions of North-west New Guinea, 1705203
B20A Papuan has his Portrait Painted, 1705204
B21A Friendly Mission Ends in Disaster, 1826204
B22Fort du Bus: First European Settlement in New Guinea, 1828205
B23The Sultan's Hongi Arrives at Dorei, 1850207
B24A Letter from the Sultan of Tidore, c. 1869208
B25Statistics of Exports from New Guinea, Halmahera and Ternate, 1845-1860208
B26Statistics of Trade between Ternate and New Guinea, 1864-1869208
B27The Netherlands' Flag Replaced at Humboldt Bay, 1876209
B28An Official Visit to the Waropen Villagers, Geelvink Bay, 1881210
Politics and Scholarship -- The Start to National Interest: Documents B29 to B35210
B29Dampier's Favourable Description of New Britain, 1700211
B30Dutch Reaction to British Interest in New Guinea, c. 1705213
B31Strange Islands Seen in New Guinea Waters, 1722213
B32A Desire for New Scientific Knowledge, 1752214
B33A Conviction that Useful Knowledge Should Be Shared, 1753214
B34A French Proposal for the Settlement of New Britain, 1756215
B35Scientific Interest Combined with Commercial Enterprise, 1768215
The Rediscovery of the Solomon Islands: Documents B36 to B42216
B36Bougainville's Encounter with the Natives of Buka, 4 July 1768219
B37De Surville Unknowingly Reaches the Solomon Islands, 1769220
B38Dalryrriple Attempts to Rationalize the Location of the Solomon Islands, 1770221
B39The Location of the Solomon Islands Solved by Buache, 1781222
B40Rediscoveries in the Solomon Islands, 1788224
B41Fleurieu Comments on Shortland's Discoveries, 1791224
B42The Search for La Perouse in New Guinea Waters, 1793225
Early Scientific Interest: Documents B43 to B55227
B43A French Expedition at Rawak, North-west New Guinea, 1818227
B44A French Naturalist Observes the New Irelanders, 1823228
B45Dumont D'Urville at Dorei (Manokwari), 1827229
B46A British Naturalist at Dorei (Manokwari), 1858230
B47A Russian Naturalist Settles at Astrolabe Bay, 1871231
B48A Roaring Trade in Birds of Paradise,1873232
B49S.M.S. Gazelle at New Hanover, 1875232
B50Report of a Resident of Yule Island, 1875233
B51First Australian Natural Science Expedition to New Guinea, Katau River, 1875235
B52An Account of the Inhabitants of the Admiralty Islands, 1875235
B53A Dutch Naturalist on an Expedition to Geelvink Bay and Humboldt Bay, 1876236
B54A French Naturalist at Dorei and the Arfak Mountains, 1876238
B55A Description of Secondary Industries at Dorei (Manokwari), 1883239
The Prelude to Sustained Contact: Documents B56 to B80240
B56A Shipping Route to China via North-west New Guinea, 1758241
B57Carteret in St George's Channel, 1767242
B58Bougainville's Account of his Discovery (in July 1768) of the Plaque Set up by Carteret on 7 September 1767 in English Cove, New Ireland243
B59Cook Reflects on the Extent of Exploration of New Guinea, 1770244
B60A Description of Trade in Birds of Paradise, New Guinea, 1775244
B61A Report on Trade at Dorei (Manokwari), 1775245
B62The First Survey of McGluer's Gulf, 1792245
B63British Enterprise at Restoration Bay, 1794247
B64Captain Blackwood Receives Orders, London, 1842248
B65Captain Blackwood and his Men Have Difficulty in Adhering to Orders, Gulf of Papua, 1845249
B66Captain Owen Stanley Goes Ashore, Chaumont Island, 1849249
B67Simpson Surveys the Coasts of New Hanover, New Ireland and Duke of York Island, 1872250
B68A Search for the East Point of New Guinea, 1873-4252
B69The Ascent of the Maikasa River, 1875252
B70D'Albertis Explores the Fly River, 1876255
B71The End of a Mission, Fly River, 1876256
B72A Letter from the Katau River, 1876256
B73The Murder of an American Scientist and a Swedish Trader, 1876257
B74Naming of the Kemp-Welch River, January 1877257
B75Limited Exploration of the Manumanu River, c. 1872258
B76Advice Offered to New Guinea Exploring Parties, 1883258
B77Captain Strachan Fails to Intimidate Papuans, 1884259
B78Exploration of the' Strickland River, 1885259
B79Otto Finsch Surveys the North-east Coast of New Guinea, 1884-5261
B80The Navigation of the Kaiserin Augusta (Sepik) River, 1886262
PART 2
First Impressions and Attitudes264
The Image: Documents B81 to B93265
B81Speculation about the Interior of New Guinea, 1845267
B82Captain Owen Stanley Reports on the Papuans, 1849267
B83Andrew Deverel, an Adventurer in New Guinea, 1863268
B84A Sydney Audience Is Lectured on the Riches'of New Guinea, 1867269
B85A Cruise among the Cannibals, 1873270
B86Dr Meyer's Travels in New Guinea, 1873270
B87A Stimulus for Jaded Imaginations, 1875271
B88Stories of Men with Tails, 1877271
B89Hargrave Describes the Exhilaration of the Explorer, c. 1878272
B90The Denton Family Approaches New Guinea, 1884273
B91The Armit Expedition Ends in Sickness and Death, 1884274
B92Morrison's Expedition to the Interior, 1884274
B93A French Sailor in a Charmed World, 1888274
The Reality: Documents B94 to B125275
B94New Guinea Natives Introduced to European Guns, 1606279
B95Dutch Adventures off the North Coast of New Guinea, 1616281
B96Dampier Attempts Trade with the Natives of New Britain, 1700282
B97Dampier's Landing Place in New Britain Identified283
B98Bougainville off New Britain, July-August 1768284
B99De Surville at Port Praslin, Santa Ysabel, 1769285
B100Cook Seeks Provisions from Natives of the South Coast, 1770287
B101Forrest's Friendly Reception at Dorei (Manokwari), 1775 288
B102John Hunter at Duke of York enroute to England, 1791289
B103An American Captain Reflects on Causes of Native Hostility, 1791291
B104D' Entrecasteaux from the Louisiades through Dampier Strait, June-July 1793291
B105The Men of New Ireland are Observed by a Naval Captain's Wife, New Ireland, 1803292
B106Attempt to Establish Friendly Trade Relations, 1826293
B107An American Woman Observes the Primitive Bismarck Archipelago, 1831294
B108The Sulphur Visits New Ireland, 1840294
B109Papuans Entertained by Captain Stanley's Party, 1849295
B110Relationship between British Sailors and Indigenes, Brumer Island, 1849296
B111A Papuan Entertains, Brumer Island, 1849296
B112Captain Keppel Is Impressed by New Ireland and its People, 1849297
B113Lieutenant Kops on a Mission to Dorei (Manokwari), 1850298
B114A Peaceful Contact, South-east Papua, 1869299
B115Attitudes Concerning Primitive Possessions, New Hanover, 1872300
B116Mission Teachers Contact Villagers of Torotoram, 1872300
B117Moresby's Contribution to Knowledge of New Guinea, 1873-4301
B118Captain Moresby Shows Understanding and Tolerance, Killerton Islands, 1873304
B119A Discouraging Estimate of Port Moresby, 1874304
B120Otto Finsch Contacts Natives of the North-east Mainland, 1885305
B121A Christian Missionary Is Presented to the Native Gods, Bald Head, 1885306
B122Hargrave Forecasts Reactions on First Culture Contact, 1885307
B123The Royal Navy Makes Contact with Rooke Islanders, 1885307
B124An English Traveller of Social Rank Corriments on the People near Port Moresby, 1886308
B125A European Adventurer Procures a Pagan God, Katau River, 1887308



SECTION C

Sustained Contact and Early Settlement313
PART 1
The Process314
Shipping Routes and Whaling Grounds in New Guinea Waters: Documents C1 to C11320
C1New South Wales and the China Trade, 1812322
C2Port Jackson towards Bengal via St George's Channel, 1800322
C3Sailing Directions for New Guinea Waters, 1811322
C4Sailing Directions for the Passage of St George's Channel, 1816324
C5European Contact with the People of Buka and Bougainville, 1840324
C6Sailing Ships off New Ireland, 1840325
C7A Comment on the Likely Effects of Sustained Contact, New Ireland, 1840325
C8Whaling Operations, Buka Bay, December, 1840326
C9A Ship's Passage through St George's Channel, 1842326
C10Port Jackson to Hongkong via Buka Island, 1844327
C11Europeans in the Western Pacific, 1839327
Individual Europeans Living amongst the People: Documents C12 to C14328
C12A European Chieftain on New Ireland, 1835329
C13Miklouho-Maclay Makes First Contact with the People, Astrolabe Bay, 1871331
C14The Return of Miklouho-Maclay to the Maclay Coast, Astrolabe Bay, 1876331
The Vicariate Apostolic of Melanesia and Micronesia : Documents C15 to C31333
C15Bishop Epalle's First Plan for the Evangelization of New Guinea and Micronesia, Rome, 1843335
C16The Papal Brief, 'Ex debito pasto-ralis officii', Establishing the Vicariate Apostolic of Melanesia and Micronesia, Rome, 1844335
C17Some Thoughts on the Evangelization of New Guinea, New Britain, New Ireland and the Solomons, Paris, 1845335
C18Planning the Entry into New Guinea, Sydney, 1845336
C19The Society of Mary Enters New Guinea, 1847336
C20The Advance to Rooke Island, 1848338
C21The Lambs and the Wolves of Woodlark Island, 1851339
C22The Holy See Authorizes Priests for the Free Colony, Rome, 1880339
C23A Request from Rome for Renewal of Mission, Rome, 1881340
C24Background to the Sacred Heart Mission to New Guinea, Rome, 1881340
C25The Organization of the Sacred Heart Mission, Rome, 1881342
C26Towards the Goal, Sydney, 1882342
C27A Trader Observes the Beginnings of the Sacred Heart Mission, New Britain, 1882343
C28Archbishop Moran Advises a Move into Port Moresby, Rome, 1884344
C29The 'Dear Promised Land' is Reached, Yule Island, 1885345
C30The Yule Island Mission of the Sacred Heart, Yule Island, 1886345
C31A Missioner of the Sacred Heart States his Object, Yule Island, 1887346
The London Missionary Society: Documents C32 to C51346
C32The London Missionary Society Observes the Torres Strait Islands and New Guinea, London, 1837348
G33An L.M.S. Missionary Pleads for a Wider Field, Mare, 1867349
G34The L.M.S. Decides on an Extension to its South Sea Mission, London, 1869349
G35The Proposal to Extend the Work of the L.M.S. to New Guinea Is Approved, London, 1869350
C36Strategy and Motive: The L.M.S. and the New Guinea Mission, Samoa, 1870350
G37The Means of Approach to New Guinea, 1871351
G38The London Missionary Society Reaches its Goal, Papua, 1871351
C39First Contact of the L.M.S. at Red-scar Bay, Papua, 1871353
C40The Rev. Samuel Macfarlane Reports to London on the Result of his Preliminary Survey of New Guinea, Cleveland Bay, 1871353
C41The L.M.S. Directors Give Thanks for the Successful Beginning of the New Guinea Mission, London, 1871354
C42Decisions Affecting the New Guinea Mission, London, 1872355
C43Captain Moresby is Critical of London Missionary Society Policy, Somerset, Cape York, 1873355
C44The Rev. A.W. Murray Comments on Captain Moresby's Criticism of London Missionary Society Policy, Cape York, 1873356
C45Port Moresby, Recently Discovered, Is Considered as a Possible Site for a London Missionary Society Station, Somerset, Cape York, 1873356
C46The London Missionary Society Establishes a Station at Port Moresby, 1873357
C47Mission Planning, Somerset, 1874357
C48The London Missionary Society Installs its First European Missionary on the Mainland of New Guinea, Port Moresby, 1874358
C49The L.M.S. Directors Urge Extension of the Mission Eastwards, London, 1875360
C50The Establishment of the China Straits Branch of the London Missionary Society, 1877361
C51Formulation of Policy, London, 1879 362
The Australasian Wesleyan Methodist Missionary Society: Documents C52 to C70362
C52A New Guinea Mission Proposed, Sydney, 1864363
C53Proposals for a New Guinea Mission Rejected, London, 1864363
C54The Rev. George Brown Proposes an Extension of the Wesleyan Mission to New Guinea, Samoa, 1871364
C55The Australian Board of Missions of the Methodist Church Prepares to Enter the Bismarck Archipelago, Sydney, 1874364
C56The Decision to Extend the Wesleyan Methodist Mission to the Bismarck Archipelago, Sydney, 1874-5365
C57The Plan for the New Mission Is Presented to the Public, Ballarat, 1874366
C58The Rev. George Brown Approaches his Task and Makes First Contact, St George's Channel, 1875366
C59The Wesleyan Mission Begins, Duke of York Island, 1875367
C60Editorial Comment on the New Mission, Sydney, 1874368
C61The Wesleyan Missionaries Decide on Policy, Bismarck Archipelago, 1877368
C62A Samoan Teacher on Duke of York Island Considers his Task, 1877369
C63A Trader's Criticism of Wesleyan Methodist Missionaries, Sydney, 1880369
C64The Rev. George Brown Answers Criticism, Port Hunter, 1880370
C65The Rev. R.H. Rickard Answers theCall, Queensland, 1882371
C66The Wesleyan Mission Reports, New Britain, 1883372
C67A Call for Reinforcements, New Britain, 1883376
C68The Mission at Raluana, New Britain, 1883376
C69Conditions for Native Teachers, New Britain, 1884377
C70Wesleyan Mission Difficulties and a Proposal for German Mission Help, New Britain, 1886377
Other Christian Missions and Inter-Mission Relationships : Documents C71 to C78378
C71Indifferent Success of Dutch Mission Work at Dorei Bay, 1883379
C72The Founding of the Lutheran Mission, by Johann Flierl, Finschhafen, 1886380
C73Johann Flierl Chooses the Site for the Mission, Simbang, 1886381
C74Lutheran Mission Policy, Finschhafen, 1887382
C75Refugees and Agents of Popery, New Britain, 1880383
C76A French Priest at Nodup, New Britain, 1881384
C77Heresy as the Principal Adversary of the Sacred Heart Mission, New Britain, 1882384
C78An L.M.S. Attitude to the Sacred Heart Mission, London, 1887385
Colonization Schemes, Industry, Trade and Land Dealing: Documents C79 to C94386
C79European Settlement in New Guinea Is Contemplated, Sydney, 1867387
C80The New Guinea Prospecting Expedition Is Organized, Sydney, 1871388
C81The New Guinea Expedition Terminates in Disaster, Brisbane, 1872389
C82The Rev. George Brown Conjectures on the Effect of Entry of European Traders, Bismarck Archipelago, 1877389
C83Economic Change, New Britain, 1880390
C84Commerce and Trade in the Bismarck Archipelago, 1880390
C85The Profits of Trade Estimated, London, 1880391
C86The European Community, Duke of York Group, 1880393
C87Trading by Thomas Farrell, Duke of York Group, 1881394
C88The Copra Trade, Bismarck Archipelago, 1881395
C89Thomas Farrell and his Traders, New Britain, 1883395
C90A Planter on the Shores of Blanche Bay, New Britain, 1886396
C91Economic Prospects for New Guinea, Sydney, 1886396
C92A Land Dispute, New Britain, 1879397
C93Land Dealing by the Sacred Heart Mission, New Britain, 1882397
C94The Wesleyan Mission Buys Land, New Britain, 1883398
The Free Colony of Nouvelle-France: Documents C95 to C106398
C95The Site of the Capital as Seen by Bougainville, Port Praslin, 1768401
C96Dumont D'Urville Reports on Port Praslin, 1827401
C97The Marquis de Rays Launches his Scheme, Marseilles, 1879401
C98Port Praslin as Described in Europe, Paris, 1880402
C99Arrangements for Land Tenure in the Free Colony, Paris, 1880402
C100Information for Intending Immigrants to New France, Paris, 1880403
C101The Symbolism of New France, France, 1880404
C102The Maddest of Schemes, New Bri tain, 1880404
C103The French Colony at Metlik, New Ireland, 1880405
C104A Naval Officer's Report on the Port Breton Colony, 1880405
C105The State of the Colony, Port Breton, 1882406
C106A Colonist at Port Breton, 1881407
PART 2
Some Results: Impact, Interaction and Change409
Attitudes and Responses: Documents C107 to C114412
C107Communication, Duke of York Island, 1875412
C108A Missionary's View of Native Society, Bismarck Archipelago, 1881412
C109Sin, Vice and Horror, Duke of York Island, 1881413
C110A Sabbath Day Lament, New Britain, 1880413
ClllA Missionary Attitude to Polygamy, 1887414
C112A Comment on Missionary Attitudes, Port Moresby, 1884414
C113Differing Responses of Missionaries towards the Indigenous Culture, New Britain, 1886415
C114Miklouho-Maclay and Divinity, Astrolabe Bay, 1877415
Education: Documents C115 to C118415
C115Mission Education, New Britain, 1879415
C116Schooling for Local Chiefs, Duke of York Island, 1880416
C117Early Mission Education and its Effects, New Britain, 1886416
C118Lutheran Mission Education, Finschhafen, 1888417
Violence: Documents C119 to C130418
C119Casus Belli, New Britain, 1878418
C120The Six Day War, New Britain, 1878419
C121Making the Peace, New Britain, 1878421
C122The Rev. George Brown Is Thanked by Other European Settlers, New Britain, 1878423
C123The Rev. George Brown Defends his Actions, New Britain, 1878423
C124The Australasian Wesley an Methodist Missionary Society Board Deliberates, Sydney, 1878424
C125The Rev. George Brown Is Given Some Advice, Sydney, 1878425
C126Relationships between Europeans and Natives, New Britain, 1880425
C127A Naval Officer's Report on the Six Day War, 1879426
C128Church-State Cooperation in Peace Keeping, New Britain, 1879427
C129War and Rumours of War, New Britain, 1880428
C130Peace Keeping in the Gazelle Peninsula, 1886428
Labour Recruiting: Documents C131 to C133429
C131Missionaries and Labour Recruiters, Bismarck Archipelago, 1880429
C132H.H. Romilly Reports, Bismarck Archipelago, 1883429
C133Resistance at Nodup to Labour Recruiters, 1883431



SECTION D

The Partition of Eastern New Guinea435
PART 1
New Guinea Divided: The Protectorates438
The Annexation Movement up to 1883: Documents D1 to D6438
D1Moresby Hoists the Flag, 1873439
D2The Sydney Morning Herald on the Financing of British Intervention in the Pacific440
D3The London Missionary Society and the Rule of Law in Papua441
D4The Colonial Office Replies to the London Missionary Society442
D5The Allgemeine Zeitung Urges German Annexation of New Guinea443
D6An Imperial Federationist Seeks Annexation443
The Queensland Annexation: Documents D7 to D11445
D7Chester's Proclamation Purporting to Annex Eastern New Guinea445
D8A Governor's Justification of Annexation446
D9The Aborigines Protection Society and the Queensland Annexation446
D10Lord Derby Disapproves447
D11Mcllwraith in Defence of the Queensland Annexation449
After the Queensland Coup: Towards a Compromise: Documents D12 to D17451
D12The Melbournians Demand Intervention in the Pacific, 1883451
D13The Scots Merchants'Petition453
D14The Intercolonial Convention of 1883453
D15Lord Derby's Circular Despatch of 9 May 1884455
D16A Voice in the Wilderness456
D17The New Guinea and Pacific Jurisdiction Contribution Act of 1884 (48 Vic, No. 7)457
Proclaiming the British Protectorate: Documents D18 to D21458
D18Romilly's Proclamation of 23 October 1884460
D19Erskine Proclaims the Protectorate a Second Time460
D20Erskine's Proclamation: The Final Version464
D21The Extension of the British Protectorate465
The Establishment of the German Protectorate in Eastern New Guinea: Documents D22 to D25466
D22The German Protectorate Announced466
D23The Official German Version of the Partition of New Guinea466
D24Chartered Company Rule in German New Guinea472
D25The Imperial Letter of Protection Delegating Administrative Powers to the New Guinea Company in the Solomons473
PART 2
Anglo-German Relations and the Partition of New Guinea: Documents D26 to D36475
D26The Victorian Protest about German Intervention in New Guinea477
D27The Melbourne Argus on the German Protectorate477
D28Granville's Record of his Talk with Munster on German Imperial Aspirations481
D29The Original British Proposal to Protect New Guinea482
D30German Objections to British Protection of the Northern Coastline483
D31The Amended British Proposal483
D32The Germans' Justification for Intervention in New Guinea484
D33The British Case in the Dispute over the Partition of New Guinea488
D34The German Aide Memoire490
D35The Anglo-German Compromise of April 1885491
D36The Second Anglo-German Declaration of 1886492
PART 3
The Problem of Jurisdiction494
Legal Problems in the Protectorate of British New Guinea: Documents D37 to D44495
D37General Scratchley's Appointment and Instructions496
D38The Pacific Islanders Protection Act 1875 (38 and 39 Vic.,c. 51)498
D39The Western Pacific Order in Council, 1877499
D40A Punitive Expedition in the Protectorate502
D41The Powers of the Special Commissioner in the Protectorate of British New Guinea503
D42The Colonial Office View of the Special Commissioner's Jurisdiction503
D43The Gladstone Undertaking of 1884504
D44The Law Officers' Report of December 1884, on British New Guinea505
Jurisdiction in the German Protectorate: Documents D45 to D46506
D45The Decree Asserting Jurisdiction over the Inhabitants of the German Protectorate507
D46The Law Officers' Report of 1887 on the German View of Jurisdiction in Protectorates507
British New Guinea: Annexation, Administration and Finance: Documents D47 to D57509
D47The Colonial Office Announces its Decision to Annex511
D48Annexation and the Financial Hurdle511
D49The British New Guinea (Queensland) Act of 1887 (51 Vic, No. 9)512
D50A Minute for a New Act515
D51The British Settlements Act 1887 (50 and 51 Vic.,c;. 54)515
D52Annexing the Protectorate517
D53MacGregor's Proclamation518
D54Letters Patent Passed Under the Great Seal of the United Kingdom for Erecting Certain British Territory in New Guinea and the Adjacent Islands into a Separate Possession, and Providing for the Government Thereof519
D55Commission Passed Under the Royal Sign Manual and Signet, Appointing William MacGregor, Esquire, M.D., C.M.G., to be Administrator of British New Guinea520
D56The Law Officers' Report of 14 November 1888521
D57The Law Officers' Report of 15 January 1889521



Select Bibliography524
Index541



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