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Kawai, Shinji 2000 Assessing Indigenous Views of Development Aid; a case study of a Sougb tribal community in Papua, Indonesia PhD Dissertation, Graduate School of Agricultural Sciences, Iwate University.
    © Shinji Kawai, 2000. Use of any part of this thesis for any purpose must be acknowledged.


Since a Japanese national, Jutaro Hosoya, first visited the Sougb tribe of the Momi Plain in 1907, the Sougb people have been exposed to various development schemes by outsiders. However, there is a scarcity of written documentation about Sougb society. Through ethnographic research on the details of Sougb interaction with outsiders and outsider-led development schemes, the author realized the importance of learning more about the Sougb’s traditional economy as well as their images of outsiders. The author’s primary interest is to understand indigenous views on outsider-led development programs and to analyze the causes of conflict and failure within the programs.

Chapter 1 and 2 of this book are dedicated to revealing a broad spectrum of the Sougb society’s social, economic, and historic background, as well as the natural environment in which the Sougb live. Chapter 3 covers the history of recent development aid brought in by outsiders, and its evaluation by the Sougb people as expressed through interviews with all of the 45 indigenous households in Demini hamlet. Chapter 4 discusses how Sougb traditional economic principles apply when they receive outside resources as development aid. Chapter 5 primarily examines cases of development failures and conflicts, and provides an interpretation of those cases through the Sougb point of view. Participatory observation and extensive interviews of both Sougb and outsiders were conducted to investigate the cases. The author concluded that the failures and conflicts arose regardless of how ideal the development approaches by outsiders were. Therefore, fundamental changes in development paradigms are suggested; focusing on "problem" finding instead of "problem" solving approaches, making a mandate to study "indigenous views on outsiders or outside societies," and rigorously revising economic efficiency centered development policies and schemes dominantly applied by the outside societies.

This Dissertation has been re-worked into a book and is now available as:
Kawai, Shinji 2002 Indigenous Society and Development Aid: a case study of Demini Hamlet, Irian Jaya, Indonesia, Asaki-shoten, Japan.

(The book is available for 4,000 yen (plus 5% tax) through contacting Mr. Iwasaki at Akashi-shoten, Tokyo, by e-mail. For a 20% discount, please mention my name (Shinji Kawai) as the person who introduced you to Mr. Iwasaki. - jiwasaki@akashi.co.jp).


* Terjemahan dalam Bahasa Indonesia belum tersedia.

  © Copyright UNIPA - ANU - UNCEN PapuaWeb Project, 2002.