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Tunnicliff, Kim Hunter 1984 The United Nations and the Mediation of International Conflict (Middle East, Falklands, Indonesia), PhD Dissertation, University of Iowa.
    © Kim Hunter Tunnicliff, 1984. Use of any part of this thesis for any purpose must be acknowledged.

Abstract

The United Nations is today perceived by many as an ineffectual actor in international politics. Major reasons for this lie in the high expectations many had for the organization at the time of its creation and for the success it enjoyed in the first decade of its existence. Focusing on the maintenance of international peace and security and employing the case-study research strategy, I test eleven conditions thought conducive to the successful mediation of international conflict by the United Nations. These are tested against two successful cases and two unsuccessful cases of mediation attempts by the United Nations. The two successful cases are the 1949 mediations of the first Arab-Israeli War and the 1962 dispute between Indonesia and the Netherlands over West Irian. The unsuccessful cases are the 1970 - 71 attempt by Jarring to mediate the Arab-Israeli conflict and the 1982 effort by United Nations Secretary General Perez de Cuellar to mediate in the Falklands (Malvinas) War. The findings suggest that there are fundamental and facilitative conditions to the successful mediation of international conflict by the United Nations. Fundamental conditions are operationalized to be those met in both cases of successful conflict mediations. Facilitative conditions are operationalized as those met in at least one successful case but not in both unsuccessful cases. Of the eleven initial conditions tested, five were found to be fundamental. Four were found facilitative. These constitute a hypothesis for the successful mediation of international conflict by the United Nations.



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